Keep It Together, Man! Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Keep It Together, Man! Deck (57)
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1

Wernicke encephalopathy triad

confusion, ophthalmoplegia, ataxia

2

3 Ds of pellagra

diarrhea, dementia, dermatitis (eeeeeeey, macarena!)

3

garlic breath

arsenic poisoning

4

HUS triad

anemia, thrombocytopenia, acute renal failure

5

4 As of Klebsiella

aspiration pneumonia, abscess in lungs and liver, alcoholics, diAbetics

6

triad of Rocky Mountain spotted fever

HA, fever, rash (vasculitis)

7

broad based budding

Blastomycosis

8

triad of congenital toxoplasmosis

chorioretinitis, hydrocephalus, intracranial calcifications (basal ganglia)

9

3 Fs of trichomonas

foul-smelling discharge, flagella, Flagyl (metronidazole)

10

3 Cs of measles

cough, coryza (runny nose), conjunctivitis

11

triad of congenital rubella

PDA/pulmonary artery hypoplasia, cataracts, deafness (+/- blueberry muffin rash)

12

triad of SCID

FTT, chronic diarrhea, recurrent infections of all types (especially Pneumocystis pneumonia)

13

acetominophen: antidote

N-acetylcysteine (replenishes glutathione)

14

AChE inhibitors, organophosphates: antidote

atropine > pralidoxime

15

amphetamines: antidote

NH4Cl (acidify urine)

16

antimuscarinic, anticholinergic agents: antidote

physostigmine salicylate, control hyperthermia

17

benzodiazepines: antidote

flumazenil

18

beta-blockers: antidote

glucagon, atropine, Ca2+

19

carbon monoxide: antidote

100% O2, hyperbaric O2

20

copper, arsenic, gold: antidote

penicillamine

21

cyanide: antidote

nitrite + thiosulfate, hydroxocobalamin

22

digitalis (digoxin): antidote

anti-dig Fab fragments, K+/Mg2+ optimization

23

heparin: antidote

protamine sulfate

24

iron: antidote

deferoxamine, deferasirox

25

lead: antidote

EDTA, dimercaprol, succimer, penicillamine

26

mercury, arsenic, gold: antidote

dimercaprol (BAL), succimer

27

methanol, ethylene glycol (antifreeze): antidote

fomepizole > ethanol, dialysis

28

methemoglobin: antidote

methylene blue, vC

29

opioids: antidote

naloxone, naltrexone

30

salicylates: antidote

NaHCO3 (alkalinize urine), dialysis