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Flashcards in FA Key Associations Deck (133)
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1

Actinic (solar) keratosis

precursor to squamous cell carcinoma

2

Acute gastric ulcer associated with CNS injury

Cushing ulcer (inc intracranial pressure stimulates vagal gastric H+ secretion)

3

Acute gastric ulcer ass'd with severe burns

Curling ulcer (greatly reduced plasma volume results in sloughing of gastric mucosa)

4

Age ranges for pt with ALL/CLL/AML/CML

ALL: child
CLL: adult>60
AML: adult ~65
CML: adult 45-85

5

Alternating areas of transmural inflammation and normal colon

skip lesions (Crohn disease)

6

Aortic aneurysm, abdominal

atherosclerosis

7

aortic aneurysm, ascending or arch

tertirary syphilis (syphilitic aortitis), vasa vasorum destruction

8

aortic aneurysm, thoracic

Marfan syndrome (idiopathic cystic medial degeneration)

9

Aortic dissection

HTN

10

Atrophy of the mammillary bodies

Wernicke encephalopathy (thiamine deficiency causing ataxia, opthalmoplegia, and confusion)

11

Autosplenectomy (fibrosis and shrinkage)

Sickle cell disease (HbS)

12

Bacteria ass'd with gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, and gastric malignancies (eg, adenocarcinoma, MALToma)

H pylori

13

Bacterial meningitis (adults and elderly)

S penumoniae

14

Bacterial Meningitis (newborns and kids)

Group B strep/E coli (newborns), S pneumonia/N meningitidis (kids/teens)

15

Bilateral ovarian metastases from gastric carcinoma

Krukenburg tumor (mucin-secreting signet ring cells)

16

Bleeding disorder with GpIb deficiency

Bernard-Soulier syndrome (defect in platelet adhesion to von Willebrand factor)

17

Brain tumor (adults)

Supratentorial: metastasis, astrocytoma (including glioblastoma multiforme), meningioma, schwannoma

18

Brain tumors (kids)

Infratentorial: medlulloblastoma (cerebellum) or supratentorial: craniopharyngioma

19

Breast cancer

invasive ductal carcinoma

20

Breast mass

Fibrocystic change, carcinoma (in postmenopausal women)

21

Breast tumor (benign, young women)

Fibroadenoma

22

Cardiac primary tumor (kids)

Rhabdomyoma, often seen in tuberous sclerosis

23

Cardiac manifestation of lupus

Marantic/thrombotic endocarditis (nonbacterial)

24

Cardiac tumor (adults)

Metastasis, myxoma (90% in left atrium; "ball and valve")

25

Cerebellar tonsillar herniation

Chiari II malformation

26

Chronic arrhythmia

Atrial fibrillation (ass'd with high risk of emboli)

27

Chronic atrophic gastritis (autoimmune)

Predisposition to gastric carcinoma (can also cause pernicious anemia)

28

Clear cell adenocarcinoma of the vagina

DES exposure in utero

29

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia, hypotension

21-hydroxylase deficiency

30

Congenital cardiac anomaly

VSD