Classic/Relevant Treatments Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Classic/Relevant Treatments Deck (90)
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1

absence seizures

ethosuximide

2

acute gout attack

NSAIDs, colchicine, GCs

3

acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3)

all-trans retinoic acid

4

ADHD

methylphenidate, CBT, atomoxetine

5

alcoholism

disulfiram, acamprosate, naltrexone, supportive care

6

alcohol withdrawal

long-acting benzos

7

anorexia

nutrition, pychotherapy, mirtazapine

8

anticoagulation during pregnancy

heparin

9

arrhythmia in damaged cardiac tissue

class IB antiarrhythmic (lidocaine, mexiletine)

10

B12 deficiency

vB12 supplementation (work up cause w/ Schilling test)

11

benign prostatic hyperplasia

alpha1-antagonists, 5alpha-reductase inhibitors, PDE-5 inhibitors

12

bipolar disorder

mood stabilizers (eg, lithium, valproic acid, carbamazepine), atypical antipsychotics

13

breast cancer in postmenopausal woman

aromatase inhibitor (anastrazole)

14

Buerger dz

smoking cessation

15

bulimia nervosa

SSRIs, CBT

16

Candida albicans

topical azoles (vaginitis); nystatin, fluconazole, caspofungin (oral/esophageal); fluconazole, caspofungin, amphotericin B (systemic)

17

carcinoid syndrome

octreotide

18

Chlamydia trachomatis

doxycycline (+ ceftriaxone for gonorrhea coinfection), erythromycin eye drops (prophylaxis in infants)

19

chronic gout

xanthine oxidase inhibitors (eg, allopurinol, febuxostat)

20

chronic hepatitis B or C

IFN-alpha (HBV and HCV); ribavirin, simeprevir, sofosbuvir (HCV)

21

chronic myelogenous leukemia

imatinib

22

Clostridium botulinum

antitoxin

23

Clostridium difficile

oral metronidazole; if refractory, oral vancomycin, fidaxamicin

24

Clostridium tetani

antitoxin

25

CMV

ganciclovir, foscarnet, cidofovir

26

Crohn dz

corticosteroids, infliximab, azathioprine

27

Cryptococcus neoformans

fluconazole (in AIDS pts)

28

cyclophosphamide-induced hemorrhagic cystitis

Mesna

29

depression

SSRIs (first-line)

30

diabetes insipidus

desmopressin (central); HCTZ, indomethacin, amiloride (nephrogenic)