What are the static and dynamic stabilisers of the shoulder?
Static - shoulder capsule, labrum
Dynamic - muscles surrounding the shoulder
What are the causes of muscle impingment at the shoulder joint?
- Cuff tear
- Subacromial bursitis
- Osteophytes from AC joint
Painful arc syndrome usually causes pain between which degrees of abduction?
If there is recurrent anterior dislocation of the shoulder which simple non-surgical action on the patient's behalf may aid this?
Rotator cuff strengthening exercises
What is a Bankart lesion?
Detachment of the labrum
In anterior dislocation of the shoulder, which nerve is impacted most frequently?
What is frozen shoulder?
There is complete range of movement loss especially external rotation
Adhesive capsultitis is more common in patients with which co-morbidity?
The anterior compartment of the arm is supplied by which nerve?
The posterior compartment of the arm is supplied by which nerve?
Humeral shaft fractures commonly involve damage to which nerve?
(this causes wrist drop)
Which joints of the elbow are responsible for facilitating supination and pronation?
- Radio-capitellar joint
- Radio-ulnar joint
Tennis elbow is caused due to a muscle/ligament tear at the _________ epicondyle
Golfer's elbow is caused due to a muscle/ligament tear at the _________ epicondyle
A supracondylar fracture of the distal humerus risks damaing which surrounding structures?
- Brachial artery
- Median nerve
- Radial nerve
- Ulnar nerve
What is a Monteggia fracture?
Fracture of the proximal 1/3rd of the ulna with dislocation of the proximal head of the radius
What is a Galeazzi fracture?
Fracture of the distal 1/3rd of the radius with dislocation of the distal radio-ulnar joint
The anterior forearm is supplied by the median nerve except which muscles
Flexor carpi ulnaris - ulnar nerve
Medial half of the flexor digitorum profundus - ulnar nerve
Which nerve innervated the brachioradialis?
Which bone in the hand is most commonly fractures?