Clinical Anatomy of the Upper Limb Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Clinical Anatomy of the Upper Limb Deck (20):
1

What are the static and dynamic stabilisers of the shoulder?

Static - shoulder capsule, labrum

Dynamic - muscles surrounding the shoulder

2

What are the causes of muscle impingment at the shoulder joint?

  1. Tendonitis
  2. Cuff tear
  3. Subacromial bursitis
  4. Osteophytes from AC joint

3

Painful arc syndrome usually causes pain between which degrees of abduction?

60-120º

4

If there is recurrent anterior dislocation of the shoulder which simple non-surgical action on the patient's behalf may aid this?

Rotator cuff strengthening exercises

5

What is a Bankart lesion?

Detachment of the labrum

6

In anterior dislocation of the shoulder, which nerve is impacted most frequently?

Axillary nerve

 

7

What is frozen shoulder?

Adhesive capsulitis

There is complete range of movement loss especially external rotation

8

Adhesive capsultitis is more common in patients with which co-morbidity?

Diabetes

9

The anterior compartment of the arm is supplied by which nerve?

Musculocutaneous nerve

10

The posterior compartment of the arm is supplied by which nerve?

Radial nerve

11

Humeral shaft fractures commonly involve damage to which nerve?

Radial nerve

(this causes wrist drop)

12

Which joints of the elbow are responsible for facilitating supination and pronation?

  1. Radio-capitellar joint
  2. Radio-ulnar joint

13

Tennis elbow is caused due to a muscle/ligament tear at the _________ epicondyle

Lateral epicondyle

(extensor muscles)

14

Golfer's elbow is caused due to a muscle/ligament tear at the _________ epicondyle

Medial

(flexor muscles)

15

A supracondylar fracture of the distal humerus risks damaing which surrounding structures?

  1. Brachial artery
  2. Median nerve
  3. Radial nerve
  4. Ulnar nerve

16

What is a Monteggia fracture?

Fracture of the proximal 1/3rd of the ulna with dislocation of the proximal head of the radius

17

What is a Galeazzi fracture?

Fracture of the distal 1/3rd of the radius with dislocation of the distal radio-ulnar joint

18

The anterior forearm is supplied by the median nerve except which muscles 

Flexor carpi ulnaris - ulnar nerve

Medial half of the flexor digitorum profundus - ulnar nerve

19

Which nerve innervated the brachioradialis?

Radial nerve

20

Which bone in the hand is most commonly fractures?

Scaphoid

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