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Flashcards in clinical micro Deck (48):
1

MCC of acute upper/lower respiratory infection

pneumococcus + H flu

2

capable of meningiococcemia and meningitis and sepsis

N meningitidis

3

Otitis, sinusitis, bronchitis, penumonia in COPD and elderly (no sepsis)

Moraxella catarrhalis

4

what are the 3 mouth aerobes

alpha strep (viridans), Neiseria (gonorrhea), HAECK

5

what are the HAECK bugs

Hemophilus, actinobacillus, cardiobacterium, eikenella, kingella

6

fastidious G- bacilli that cause endocarditis

HAECK

7

endocarditis and dental caries

strep viridans

8

catalase +, coag +, beta-hemolytic

staph aureus

9

what is the most common cause of sepsis

staph aureus

10

coag - staph

epidermidis and saprophiticus

11

how do you differentiate between staph eli and saprophiticus

epi is NOVA sensitive and saprophiticus is resistant

12

where do you find GAS

mucous membranes (strep throat)

13

what are the not bad streps

viridans + gamma-hemolytic

14

colon cancer

strep bovis

15

where are enterococci a part of the normal flora

GI/GU

16

what are the cause of bed sore infections

enterococci

17

first 2 dz when you think of enterococci

IV catheters and GI lesions

18

what is the most resistant bacteria

enterococci

19

name 6 G- rods and what is a family name for them

enterobacteriaceae = E. coli, Klebsiella, Proteus, Enterobacter, Pseudomonas, Acinetobacter

20

pneumonia in IC / hospitalized

enterobactericeae

21

where do strict anaerobes infect

non-sterile epithelial surfaces (mouth, vagina, gut)

22

what causes thrush and vaginitis

candida

23

nosocomial UTI

candida

24

N gonorrhea + hemophilus Ducreyi

STIs

25

enteric infections (6)

salmonella, shigella, campylobacter, yersinia, E. coli, Vibrio

26

atypical pneumonia in smokers/exposure to H2O

legionella

27

PUD

H pylori

28

meningitis in neonates, elderly and IC + club shaped G+ rods

Listeria

29

grow in mycelia-like filaments

actinomyces

30

TB + MOTT

mycobacterium

31

looks like cancer, necrotizing sinusitis invading brain in DKA --> Rhinocerebral mucormycosis

zygomycetes

32

no cell wall w/ increased cholesterol in the membrane that causes atypical pneumonia

mycoplasma

33

male urethritis or female post partum endometritis

M. hominis, ureaplasma

34

ehrliciosis

anaplasmataceae

35

fever of unknown origin

anaplasmataceae, bartonellosis (cat scratch)

36

what causes severe intractable diarrhea in AIDS

cryptospiridium

37

what does HSV1 produce in IC host

esophagitis

38

RNA virus that turns into DNA virus

retrovirus

39

chronic meningitis

cryptococcus

40

necrotizing encephalitis

HSV

41

Lemierre's syndrome

Fusobacterium nucleatum

42

vancomycin resistant

enterococcus faecium

43

Septic shock w/ foruncle

Staph aureus

44

lymphangitis that looks like sporotrichosis

mcobacterium marinum

45

fever of unknown origin in homeless person w/ lice

Bartonella quintana

46

fever of unknown origin in anybody

TB

47

cystitis

staph saprophyticus

48

4 viruses that have mono-like syndrome

CMV, HHV-6, EBV, Toxo