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Flashcards in Cognition Deck (22):
1

Four Stages of Piaget's Theory

Sensorimotor stage, Preoperational stage, Concrete operational stage, Formal operational stage

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Age of sensorimotor stage

birth to age 2

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What is learned through sensorimotor stage

object permanence

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Object permanence

things continue to exist when they are out of sight

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What did Piaget believe

that we assimilate new experiences by putting them into our schemas or we accommodate by adjusting out schemas to take into account new experiences

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Age of Preoperational stage

age 2 to 7

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What is learned during preoperational stage

pretend play, lack logical reasoning, learn things can be represented through symbols such as words and images

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Age of concrete operational stage

age 7 to 11

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Description of lesson concrete operational stage

learn to think logically about concrete events. Quantity remains same despite change in shape

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Age of formal operational stage

age 12 to adulthood

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Description of formal operational stage

People learn abstract reasoning and moral reasoning

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Recall

retrieve info from memory without clues

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Recognition

retrieve info from memory with clues

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Confirmation bias

being unable to approach things from multiple perspectives and view only from one way

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Fixation

inability to see problem from fresh perspective

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mental set

tendency to fixate on solutions that worked in the past though they may not apply to the current situation

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Functional Fixedness

tendency to perceive the functions of objects as fixed and unchanging

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Heuristics

mental shortcuts

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representativeness heuristic

tendency to judge the likelihoods of an event occurring based on our typical mental representations of those events.. Shark vs Vending Machine p.96

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Availability heuristic

tendency to make judgments based on how readily available information is in our memories p.96

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belief bias

tendency to judge arguments based on what one believes about their conclusions rather than on whether they use sound logical

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belief perseverance

tendency to cling to beliefs despite presence of contrary evidence