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Flashcards in Sociology Terms Deck (17):
1

Conflict Theorist

calls attention to competition amongst social groups

2

Dependency Ratio

number of economically dependent members of the population to number of economically productive members

3

Linguistic Relativity Hypothesis

human cognition affected by language

4

Conversion Disorder

Mental condition in which a person has blindness, paralysis, or other neurologic symptoms that cannot be explained by medical evaluation

5

Meritocracy

opportunity is based on a combination of talent and effort

6

Socialization

learning to behave in a way acceptable to society

7

Cultural capital

knowledge, beliefs that promote social mobility in a stratified society

8

Stratified Society

society categorization of people into socioeconomic strata, based on occupation, income, wealth, and power

9

Absolute Poverty

severe depreciation of basic human needs. Deficiency of income and services

10

Relative Poverty

people lack the minimum amount of income needed in order to maintain avg standard of living in society

11

Marginal Poverty

lacks stable employment

12

Structural Poverty

Poverty due to defect in economic structure

13

Racialization

process of ascribing racial identities to a relationship, social practice, or group that did not identify itself as such

14

Theory of Social Loafing

people may be more productive alone, than in a group

15

Hawthorne Effect

Alteration of behavior by subjects due to knowledge of being studied

16

Thomas Theorem

Interpretation of action causes the action

17

Structural Functionalism

Tries to explain why society functions as it does causing relationships between various social institutions that make up society (ex: government and religion) there is an inherent drive for society to stick togethera