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Flashcards in Cohesion Deck (17)
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1
Q

What is grammatical cohesion about?

A

Linking sentences

2
Q

What are the 4 main parts of grammatical cohesion?

A
  • conjunctions
  • ellipsis
  • identification
  • reference
3
Q

What do conjunctions do?

A

Link together parts of a text/show relationships between them.

E.g. And/but/because/then/although

4
Q

What is ellipsis

A

Where words are left out of a sentence because previously given information has made the sentence cohesive and understandable.

E.g. “His jeans were stained, his jacket was ripped and blood dripped down his face. What a state.”

5
Q

What is identification?

A

Where DETERMINERS such as the, this and that are used to show that a noun has already been mentioned.

6
Q

In identification, what is the indefinite article?

A

The first time that an object/situation has been mentioned in the text.

‘A large lorry blocked the road’

7
Q

What are the 3 types of reference?

A
  • anaphoric reference
  • cataphoric reference
  • exophoric reference
8
Q

In identification, what is the definite article?

A

When a previously mentioned object/situation is now recognised so it doesn’t need introducing.

‘THE lorry had broken down’

9
Q

What is an anaphoric reference?

A

Where a previously mentioned thing is referred BACK to, using 3RD PERSON PRONOUNS and DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS.

“My Grandma went to University.
SHE wanted to be a teacher.”

“He had no way of getting there.
THAT was the big problem

9
Q

What do cataphoric references do?

A

Refer to something in the future.

E.g. He gave ‘THE FOLLOWING’ reasons for his decision

10
Q

What do exophoric references do?

A

Relate to something OUTSIDE of the text

11
Q

What is lexical cohesion about?

A

Linking words

12
Q

What 2 parts make up lexical cohesion?

A
  • repetition

- collocation

13
Q

Why is repetition lexically cohesive?

A

Re-using a word more then once can link separate sentences

14
Q

What has a similar lexically cohesive affect to repetition?

A

Synonyms.

15
Q

What is collocation?

A

Words that commonly appear together

CRYSTAL CLEAR, not DIAMOND CLEAR

16
Q

Why is collocation lexically cohesive?

A

They are recognisable features to the reader, which makes it flow.