Pragmatics Flashcards Preview

English Language A Level > Pragmatics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pragmatics Deck (21)
Loading flashcards...
1
Q

What are ‘prosodic’ features?

A

The non verbal aspects of speech

2
Q

What are the 7 main prosodic features?

A
  1. Pitch
  2. Pace
  3. Pauses
  4. Volume
  5. Intonation
  6. Stress
  7. Rhythm
3
Q

What will the pitch be like if somebody is confident/relaxed?

What will the pitch be like if somebody is anxious?

A

Low

High

4
Q

What will the volume be like if somebody is either excited or angry?

What will the volume be like if somebody is unconfident/shy or just being polite

A

High

Low

5
Q

What will the pace be like if somebody is confident?

A

Slow and controlled

6
Q

What will the pace be like if somebody is excited or panicking?

A

Fast

7
Q

What does a number of pauses during spoken language outline?

What do minimal pauses outline?

A

Insecurity, loss of direction, lack of confidence

Confidence and control

8
Q

What does intonation do?

A

Change the meaning of a word depending on how you say it

9
Q

What will prepared speeches usually have?

A

A strict rhythmic pattern

10
Q

What are politeness strategies used for?

A

To come across in a more polite manner, even though the underlying meaning is still the same

11
Q

How many politeness strategies are normally used at once?

A

More than 1

12
Q

What are the 6 politeness strategies?

A
  1. Definite with negative word
  2. Definite without negative word
  3. Excuse
  4. Evasive
  5. Apologetic
  6. Inarticulate
13
Q

What is an example of the ‘definite with negative word’ politeness strategy?

A

No/not a chance

14
Q

Why is the ‘definite with negative word’ strategy mainly used around just friends and family?

A

It is seen as rude.

15
Q

What is an example of the ‘definite without negative word’ politeness strategy?

A

Are you serious?/ I’d rather die…

16
Q

What is the ‘definite without negative word’ politeness strategy used for?

A

To be more polite than the ‘definite with negative word’ strategy whilst being humorous

17
Q

What is pragmatics?

A

How language and actions differ depending on the social situation.

18
Q

What is an example of the ‘excuse’ politeness strategy?

Why is it used?

A

I’d love to but I’m busy

To justify why the answer is no

19
Q

What is an example of the evasive politeness strategy?

Why is it used?

A

Can we talk about this later?

To avoid having to say no.

20
Q

What is an example of the ‘apologetic’ politeness strategy?

Why is it used?

A

Sorry… / I’m afraid…

To soften their response when turning somebody down.

21
Q

What is an example of the ‘inarticulate’ politeness strategy?

Why is it used?

A

Eek… / ah… / hmm…

Shows that the person feels awkward and is trying to think of a way to let the person down lightly