What are the two forms of affixation?
Prefixes and suffixes
What do prefixes often do?
Reverse the meaning of the ‘root/stem word’
What are some features of formal lexis/lexis with a high register?
- standard English
- polysyllabic lexis
- not much usage of abbreviations
What are some features of informal lexis/lexis with a low register?
- regional dialect
- monosyllabic lexis
Generally, what is more formal? Written language or spoken language?
Why is written language usually more formal than spoken language?
- it is often pre planned which means it has been perfected
- it includes more polysyllabic lexis
- there aren’t many abbreviations used
Why is spoken language usually less formal than written language?
Generally, because it is spontaneous, which means that there will be evidence of self correction, monosyllabic words and abbreviations.
In what instance(s) is spoken language more formal than written language?
Planned speeches such as:
In what instance(s) is written language less formal than spoken language?
What are ‘new words’ called?
Neologisms or coined words