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English Language A Level > Lexis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lexis Deck (10)
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1
Q

What are the two forms of affixation?

A

Prefixes and suffixes

2
Q

What do prefixes often do?

A

Reverse the meaning of the ‘root/stem word’

3
Q

What are some features of formal lexis/lexis with a high register?

A
  • standard English
  • polysyllabic lexis
  • not much usage of abbreviations
4
Q

What are some features of informal lexis/lexis with a low register?

A
  • colloquialism
  • regional dialect
  • monosyllabic lexis
  • abbreviations
5
Q

Generally, what is more formal? Written language or spoken language?

A

Written language.

6
Q

Why is written language usually more formal than spoken language?

A
  • it is often pre planned which means it has been perfected
  • it includes more polysyllabic lexis
  • there aren’t many abbreviations used
7
Q

Why is spoken language usually less formal than written language?

A

Generally, because it is spontaneous, which means that there will be evidence of self correction, monosyllabic words and abbreviations.

8
Q

In what instance(s) is spoken language more formal than written language?

A

Planned speeches such as:

-political speeches
-job interviews
Etc

9
Q

In what instance(s) is written language less formal than spoken language?

A

-texting
-social media
Etc

10
Q

What are ‘new words’ called?

A

Neologisms or coined words