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English Language A Level > Semantics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Semantics Deck (20)
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1
Q

What is the ‘actual’ meaning of a word called?

A

Denotation

E.g. Red Is a colour

2
Q

What is the ‘implied/associated’ meaning of a word called?

A

Connotation

E.g. Red signifies love/passion/blood/anger

3
Q

What can connotations be?

A

Ambiguous.

Meaning they vary from P2P

4
Q

What is a semantic field?

A

An overall group/pool of words that are connected in meaning.

5
Q

What are the words that make up a semantic field called!

A

Field specified lexis

6
Q

What can using specific synonyms repeatedly be an example of?

A

Regional dialect

E.g “our kid” for sibling

7
Q

What is figurative language?

A

Where the writer describes things in a more imaginative way, adding more colour to the text and adding a deeper level of detail

8
Q

What are the 5 main examples of figurative language?

A
  • Similes
  • Metaphors
  • Personification
  • Metonymy
  • Oxymoron
9
Q

What are similes?

A

Comparisons using ‘like’ or ‘as’

10
Q

What are metaphors?

A

Comparisons that describe something as if it were something else.

E.g blanket of snow

11
Q

What is personification?

A

Where human qualities are given to a non human object/situation

12
Q

What is metonymy?

A

Using a part of something to describe the whole thing

E.g using ‘crown’ to describe ‘the monarchy’

13
Q

When a figurative expression is overused it can lose its ______ and become a _____

A

IMPACT

Cliché

E.g. As good as gold.

14
Q

What is an overused metaphor known as?

A

Dead metaphor.

E.g. ‘It’s a piece of cake’

15
Q

What does oxymoron do?

A

Bring 2 conflicting ideas together

16
Q

What is jargon?

A

Specialist/technical vocabulary only understood by a select group of people

17
Q

What is hyperbole?

A

Using EXAGGERATION! for effect

18
Q

What are rhetorical questions?

A

Questions that don’t require an answer

19
Q

What is list of 3 used for?

A

To build climax and/or to describe something in detail

19
Q

What is repetition?

A

When words/phrases/ideas are repeated

It can create lexical cohesion.