Common Skin Conditions - Acne Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Common Skin Conditions - Acne Deck (38):
0

Is Aloe a natural pdt?

Yes

1

List drugs that can discolor skin or secretions brownish

Levodopa

Entacapone

Methyldopa

2

List drugs that can discolor skin or secretions purple/orangish/reddish

Chlorzoxazone

3

List drugs that can discolor skin or secretions orange/yellowish

Sulfasalazine

4

List drugs that can discolor skin or secretions brownish/yellowish

Nitrofurantoin

Riboflavin (B12)

5

List drugs that can discolor skin or secretions blueish

Mitoxantrone

Methylene blue

6

List drugs that can discolor skin or secretions orange/reddish/brownish

Ezogabine

7

List drugs that can discolor skin or secretions brown/black/greenish

Methocarbamol

8

List drugs that can discolor skin or secretions yellow-greenish

Propofol

Flutamide

9

List drugs that can discolor skin or secretions red-orangeish

Phrnazopyridine

Rifapentine

Rifampin

10

List drugs that can discolor skin or secretions reddish

Anthracyclines

11

What's the primary determinant of acne?

Androgens (male sex hormones) which is why boys often have worse acne than girls

12

List other factors that may contribute to acne

Presence of the bacteria P. acnes + fatty acids present in oil glands

13

List the 4 primary grps of acne agents

OTC (benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid)

Retinoids

Systemic isotretinion

Antibiotics

14

What's the most effective OTC acne agent?

Benzoyl peroxide (BPO)

15

What's the usual rx drug of choice?

Retinoids, primarily topical tretinoin

16

How long does it usually take for retinoids to start working?

4-12 weeks

Acne may worsen initially

17

What's usually given concurrently with retinoids to help with the worsening acne from initial retinoid use?

Antibiotic, usually Minocycline

18

What's the brand name of Tretinoin microsphere gel?

Retin-A Micro

19

What's the brand name of Tretinoin Polymerized cream or gel?

Avita

20

What's the brand name of Adaplene?

Differin

21

How do u use retinoids?

A pea-sized amount is sufficient

Divide it into 4 equal parts

Smooth over the entire surface of the face- not just on acne

22

What should be avoided with Tretinoin use, especially while starting a retinoid (Retin-A Micro; Avita; Adapalene (Differing))? Why?

Avoid salicylic acid scrubs or astringents

May worsen irritation

23

How often should face be washed?

Wash with mild soap twice a day

24

T/F? Limit sun exposure while using retinoids (Retin-A Micro; Avita; Adapalene (Differing))?

True

25

What's the preferred combo for acne?

Benzaclin (BPO) + 1% Clindamycin (Duac)

26

List clindamycin topicals

Cleocin T

ClindaMax lotion/soln

Clindagel

Evoclin foam

Benzamycine and Benzaclin

27

Howz Benzamycin and Benzaclin stored?

Benzamycin - refrigerated

Benzaclin - room temp

28

What's the indication for oral isotretinion?

Only for tx of severe recalcitrant nodular acne

29

Contraceptions and oral isotretinion?

2 forms of birth control is required (NOT the mini pill)

30

What's a bothersome side effect of oral isotretinion?

DRYNESS

Carry bottled water, eye drops and lip balm

31

What's required b4 females can start oral isotretinion?

Must have 2 negative pregnancy test prior to starting tx

32

What meds are CI with oral isotretinion concurrently?

Vit A supplements

Tetracyclines

Steroids

Progestin-only contraceptives

St. John's wort

33

What's the preg category of oral isotretinion?

Cat X

Severe birth defects/ miscarriages

34

Where can oral isotretinion be dispensed?

Can only be dispensed by a pharmacy registered and activated with the pregnancy risk mgt IPLEDGE program

35

Which oral antibiotic is commonly used in acne?

Minocycline ext-rel (Solodyn)

36

What's the brand name of Minocycline ext-rel (most commonly used Antiobiotic in acne)?

Solodyn

37

What other antibiotics are used for acne?

Doxycycline

Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole

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