Common Skin Conditions - Minor Cuts, Abrasions & Burns Flashcards Preview

NAPLEX > Common Skin Conditions - Minor Cuts, Abrasions & Burns > Flashcards

Flashcards in Common Skin Conditions - Minor Cuts, Abrasions & Burns Deck (52):
0

What's req if pt has puncture wound?

Current tetanus vaccine (Q10yrs, after series has been completed)

1

What's the difference btw lacerations and cut?

Lacerations are defined as irregular wounds with ragged edges, with potential for deeper skin damages

Cut edges are more uniform or regular

2

What can be used topically to reduce infection risk and promote healing?

Silver sulfadiazene (Silvadene; SSD; Thermazene)

3

What's the brand name of the triple antibiotic ointment used in cuts or abrasions? Components?

Neosporin

Contains Polymixin, bacitracin & neomycin

4

If a pt reacts to neomycin in Neosporin, whats the alternative used?

Polysporin (bacitracin + Polymixin)

OR

Mupirocin (Bacitracin alone)

5

Whats Mupirocin (Bacitracin alone) used for?

Rx antibiotic cream or ointment

Great for staph and strep coverage, including MRSA

6

List agents used for poison ivy

Aluminum acetate soln (Burrow's)

Colloidal oatmeal (Aveeno)

Calamine lotion - Caladryl, IvaRest

Zanfel

7

What's psoriasis?

Chronic autoimmune dx that appears on the skin

8

Types of psoriasis tx

Topical tx

Light therapy

Systemic meds

9

What's the first line for psoriasis?

Topical steroids

10

What combo is used for psoriasis?

Calcipotriene + Betamethasone ointment (Taclonex, Taclonex scalp suspension)

11

What's alopecia?

Hair loss

12

What deficiencies may contribute to alopecia?

Zinc

Vit D

13

List agents used for alopecia

Finasteride (Propecia) 1mg daily

Minoxidil topical OTC

Bimatoprost soln (Latisse)

14

What's the brand name of Finasteride used in alopecia?

Propecia 1mg

Note: women should handle Finasteride

15

What's the range of SPF recommended as sunscreen?

SPF 15 - SPF 30

16

What's the key to using sunscreen?

Apply liberally and at least Q 2 hrs

17

What types of coverage is req in sunscreen?

UVA + UVB

18

What's UVA in sunscreen?

Blocks aging (A for aging-wrinkles)

19

List the most common barrier agents in UVA?

Zinc

Titanium

20

What's UVB in sunscreen?

Blocks burning (B for burning)

21

What's SPF?

Sun exposure factor

Measures how long it takes to burn versus not using sunscreen

22

What does SPF 15 mean?

Takes 15 times longer for skin to redden than without sunscreen

23

How should sunscreen be applied?

Apply liberally at least every 2 hrs

All sunscreen wash off; reapply after going in the water

24

Effect of UVA and UVB exposures?

Increase risk of skin cancer, including most common type (squamous cell)

25

What does broad spectrum sunscreen mean?

Covers both UVA and UVB

26

What does water resistant sunscreen mean?

Resistant for 40-80 mins

27

List OTC agents used for cold sores (herpes simplex virus type 1 - HSV-1)

Docosanol cream (Abreva)

28

List rx agents used for cold sores (herpes simplex virus type 1 - HSV-1)

Acyclovir/Hydrocortisone (Xerese)

Acyclovir (Zovirax) cream

Penciclovir (Denavir)

29

How to use Abreva?

Apply 5x/ day...max 10 days

30

How to use Zovirax?

Apply 5x/day for 4 days

31

How to use Denavir?

Q 2 hrs during day x 4 days

32

List very high potency topical steroids pdt

Clobex lotion/spray/shampoo 0.95% (Clobetasol propionate)

Diprolene ointment 0.05% (Betamethasone dipropionate)

Temovate cream/ointment/soln 0.05% (Clobetasol propionate)

Fluocinonide

33

What's the brand name of Clobetasol propionate (very high potency)?

Clobex 0.05% lotion/spray/shampoo

Temovate 0.05% cream/ointment/soln

34

What's the brand name of Betamethasone dipropionate (very high potency)?

Diprolene ointment 0.05%

35

List high potency topical steroid pdts

Diprolene cream AF 0.05% (Betamethasone dipropionate)

Elocon ointment 0.1% (Mometasone furoate)

Lidex cream/gel/ointment 0.05% (Flucinonide)

36

What's the brand name of Betamethasone dipropionate (High potency)?

Diprolene cream AF 0.05%

37

What's the brand name of Mometasone furoate (High potency)?

Elocon ointment 0.1%

38

What's the brand name of Fluocinonide (High potency)?

Lidex 0.05% cream/gel/ointment

39

List high-medium potency topical steroid

Lidex-E cream 0.05% (Fluocinonide)

40

Whats the brand of Fluocinonide (high-medium potency topical steroid)?

Lidex-E cream 0.05%

41

List medium potency topical steroid

Elocon cream 0.1% (Mometasone furoate)

Kenalog cream/spray 0.1% (Triamcinolone acetonide)

Westcort ointment 0.2% (Hydrocortisone valerate)

42

What's the brand name of Mometasone furoate (medium potency topical steroid)?

Elocon cream 0.1%

43

What's the brand name of Triamcinolone acetonide (medium potency topical steroid)?

Kenalog cream/spray 0.1%

44

What's the brand name of Hydrocortisone valerate (medium potency topical steroid)?

Westcort ointment 0.2%

45

List lower potency topical steroid

DesOwen lotion, 0.05% (Desonide)

Westcort cream 0.2% (Hydrocortisone valerate)

46

Whats the brand name of Desonide (lower potency topical steroid)?

DesOwen lotion, 0.05%

47

Whats the brand name of Hydrocortisone valerate (lower potency topical steroid)?

Westcort cream, 0.2%

48

List mild potency topical steroid

Derma-Smoothe/FS Oil, 0.01% (Fluocinolone acetonide)

49

What's the brand name of Fluocinolone acetonide (mild potency topical steroid)?

Derma-Smoothe/FS Oil, 0.1%

50

List lowest potency topical steroid

Cortaid cream/spray/ointment (hydrocortisone)

Note: all lowest potency topical steroids are hydrocortisone

51

What's the brand name of hydrocortisone (lowest potency topical steroid pdts)?

Cortaid cream/spray/ointment

Decks in NAPLEX Class (73):