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Flashcards in Common Skin Disorders Deck (50)
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1

Mild flushing to deep reddened appearance with severe telangiectasias and soft tissue hypertrophy, w/ some burning or stinging

rosacea

2

What do the following have in common: hot liquids, spicy foods, ETOH, sun exposure, extreme temps, vasodilating drugs, emotional factors?

aggravating factors of rosacea

3

First line therapy for mild to moderate rosacea without papules or pustules

topical antibiotics (azelaic acid, metronidazole, erythromycin, clindamycin)

4

Treatment for moderate to severe rosacea (papules, pustules, or ocular involvement)

systemic antibiotics (tetracycline, doxycycline, erythromycin)

5

Can be a complication of rosacea. Soft tissue hypertrophy related to vasodilatation

rhinophyma

6

generates inflammation associated with acne

colonization of follicle by Propionibacterium acnes

7

Type of acne that is mainly comedones with an occasional small inflamed papule or pustule; no scarring present

type I

8

Type of acne with comedones and more numerous papules and pustules (mainly facial); mild scarring

type II

9

type of acne with numerous comedones, papules, and pustules, spreading to the back, chest, and shoulders, with an occasional “cyst” or nodule; moderate scarring

type III

10

Type of acne with numerous large cysts on the face, neck, and upper trunk; severe scarring

type IV

11

Treatment for type I acne

topical benzoyl peroxide

12

Treatment for severe acne that should be monitored by dermatologist

isotretinion

13

What type of keratolytics work better on dry faces and what works better on oily faces?

dry- creams. oily- ointments

14

How long does it take before a patient will notice results from tretinoin (Retin-A)?

4-6 weeks

15

What should be used to treat acne vulgaris if treatment with tretinoin (Retin-A) fails?

Azelaic 20% cream

16

Reduces resistance against topical Rx antibiotics

concurrent use with benzoyl peroxide

17

Requires negative pregnancy test prior to initiation of treatment and two forms of birth control at all times

isotretinion (Accutane)

18

Most common pathogen of folliculitis

S. aureus

19

Pathogen responsible for hot tub folliculitis

Pseudomonas

20

Topical abx treatment for folliculitis

Mupirocin (Bactroban)

21

Known as razor bumps. Common in Africans. Occurs when free ends of tightly coiled hairs reenter skin and cause a foreign body inflammatory response

Pseudofolliculitis Barbae

22

Treatment for Pseudofolliculitis Barbae

grow beard

23

flat, brown areas of skin that can be up to one inch in diameter. benign and painless. Caused by sun exposure

senile lentigo

24

Very common benign warty, often scaly hyperpigmented lesion
epidermal lesions/tumors in the elderly. "Aging spots."

Seborrheic Keratosis

25

Topical tx for seborrheic keratosis

ammonium lactate, alpha hydroxy acids, or tazarotene crm

26

Results from a clone of abnormal squamous cells caused by UV light-induced gene alteration. Premalignant scaly patches of hyperkeratosis w/surrounding erythema

actinic keratosis

27

Percent of squamous cell carcinomas that arise from actinic keratosis

60%

28

Treatment for actinic keratosis

nonhypertrophic- liquid nitrogen. hypertrophic- surgical curettage. multiple- topical 5-fluorouriacil (Efudex) or imiquimod (Aldara)

29

Caused by HPV type 1, 6, 11 infection of epithelial tissue.

verruca (warts)

30

Treatment for verruca

topical salicyclic acid, liquid nitrogen, imiquimod (Aldara)