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Flashcards in Composers: Musical Style Deck (184)
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1

Which one of Verdi's operas was set in ancient Egypt and premiered successfully at new opera house in Cairo?

"Aida"

2

Who experimented with formal structure, and forms were often generated by content?

Schumann

3

Who was inspired by British Isles, Austria, Italy, and landscapes and regional songs and dances?

Mendelssohn

4

Who captured the spirit of Romanticism while maintaining respect for Classical tradition?

Mendelssohn

5

Who completed the first twelve-tone composition in 1923?

Schoenberg

6

Elements of Hungarian folk and gypsy music were evident in who's Hungarian rhapsodies and Hungarian fantasy?

Liszt

7

When and where did Prokofiev play his first piano sonata?

while he was still a student at his Moscow debut recital (1910)

8

As a revolutionary, who evoked more opposition than any of his contemporaries?

Schoenberg

9

What was Bartok's first major success?

nationalist symphonic poem "Kossuth"

10

In what work by Ravel is there attraction to American jazz?

- first movement of Piano Concerto in G
- second movement of Violin sonata (entitled "Blues")

11

Name 5 impressionist style elements used by Ravel.

- use of modes
- pentatonic and whole tone scales
- parallel chord streams
- unresolved seventh and ninth chords
- aggregate chords (chords built on top of the other)

12

Who mounted productions of new operas in Weimar as conductor and music director?

Liszt

13

Who's music appealed to Western audiences?

Prokofiev

14

Who often displays a percussive approach to instrumental writing and biting harmonic dissonance verging on atonality? What is an example of a work in which this is used?

- Bartok
- Out of Doors

15

Expressionist elements are evident in which Bartok opera?

Bluebeard's Castle

16

Who used ancient greek dramatic practice? Define this.

- Wagner
- construction of long protracted scenes with one character confronting another

17

What are the 3 new romantic idioms for Mendelssohn?

- concert overture
- incidental music
- short lyric piano pieces

18

Who objected to the "numbers" approach in Italian opera (recitative-aria-chorus-recitative-etc.)? What did he do instead?

- Wagner
- created a more seamless, through composed type of opera in which the distinction between recitative and aria is blurred

19

German nationalism was evident in who's folk song, settings, and dances?

Brahms

20

The 4 principle characteristics (identified by Prokofiev himself) are:

- classical elements
- lyrical elements
- motoric elements
- search for innovation

21

What were the 2 elements at the core of Schumann's music?

- literature
- fantasy/imagination

22

Who's first two piano concertos were premiered and published while still a student?

Prokofiev

23

Mendelssohn made structural innovations such as linking movements. Who was this inspired by?

Beethoven

24

What did Messiaen call the modal scales he created?

modes of limited transposition

25

Humour, and gentle (even naive) charm is evident in some of who's works? Give an example.

- Ravel
- "L'infant et les sortilèges"

26

Who employed contrapuntal textures and neo-classical forms fugue, sonata, rondo, and cyclic structure? What is an example of a work that shows this?

- Bartok
- Sonatina

27

Who's works did Schoenberg study and what effect did it have on his music?

- Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms
- impact on the development of his contrapuntal style and approach to formal structure

28

What was Liszt's form like?

- displayed freedom in innovations in terms of form
- wrote single movement works with complex internal structures, such as the Piano Sonata in B minor

29

Who helped Berlioz and Wagner in their careers and conducted the first performance of Wagner's "Lohengrin"?

Liszt

30

Schumann focused on composing works for what instrument?

piano