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1

Performing forces of Smetana's Vltava:

orchestra

2

Year of Verdi's La Traviata:

1853 (first performance in Venice)

3

Which Messiaen work are we studying?

Quatuor pour la fin du temps (Quartet for the End of Time)- 2nd movement: "Vocalise, pour l'Ange qui annonce la fin du Temps" (Vocalise, for the Angel who Announces the End of Time)

4

Tempo of Webern's Symphony op. 21:

- Theme: Sehr ruhig (very quiet)- V1: Lebhafter (livelier)- V2: Sehr lebhaft (very lively)- V3: Wieder massiger (again more moderately)- V4: Ausserst ruhig (extremely quiet), slowest tempo within the movement- V5: Sehr lebhaft (very lively)- V6: Marschmassig (marchlike)- V7: Etwas breiter (somewhat broadened)- Coda: delicate 'raindrop' effect

5

Which Liszt work are we studying?

La Campanella (The Little Bell) from Grandes etudes de Paganini

6

Characters of Wagner's Die Walkure:

- Wotan (baritone): ruler of the gods- Fricka: wife of Wotan (mezzo soprano); goddess of marriage- Valkyries: Brunnhilde and her 8 sisters (soprano, mezzo sopranos); warrior daughters of Wotan and Erda (an earth spirit)- Siegmund (Heldentenor): mortal son of Wotan; Sieglinde’s twin brother - Sieglinde (soprano): mortal daughter of Wotan; Siegmund’s twin sister- Hunding (bass): Sieglinde’s husband; Siegmund’s enemy- Brunnhilde (Soprano): The Valkyrie of the title; favourite daughter of Wotan

7

Performing forces of Mendelssohn's Violin Concerto:

solo violin and orchestra

8

Year of Part's Cantate Domino canticum novum:

1977, revised in 1996

9

General structure of Wagner's Die Walkure:

3 acts

10

What makes Liszt's La Campanella physically challenging to play?

- technical difficulties- exceeds natural span of hand- right hand must pivot back and forth very quickly

11

Tempo of Bartok's Concerto for Orchestra:

allegretto

12

Characters of Berg's Wozzeck:

- Wozzeck: feeble minded corporal (Baritone)- Marie: Wozzeck's common law wife (Soprano)- The Boy: son of Wozzeck and Marie (boy soprano)- The Captain: his superior officer (Tenor)- The Doctor: coldly scientific man (Bass)- The Drum Major: rival for Marie's attention (Tenor)

13

Meter of Messiaen's Quatuor pour la fin du temps:

3/4

14

Plot summary of Schoenberg's Pierrot lunaire, O alter Duft aus Marchenzeit:

Pierrot revels in his memories of old times, looking out serenely on a world bathed in sunlight. With all of his ill-humour spent, he yearns for joy, and dreams of life's happy possibilities

15

Tempo of Brahm's Ein deutsches Requiem:

Massig bewegt (moderately fast)

16

Genre of Schumann's Dichterliebe:

Art Song, Lied, Song Cycle

17

Plot summary of Schoenberg's Pierrot lunaire:

- soloist takes us on a musical journey as we trace the exploits of Pierrot, a sad but mischievous clown character

18

Mood of Bartok's Concerto for Orchestra:

mood of the work represents, apart from the jesting 2nd movement, a gradual transition from the sternest of the 1st movement and lugubrious death song of the 3rd, to the life-assertion of the last

19

Historical context of Brahm's Ein deutsches Requiem:

- rooted in protestant tradition- not religious in a conventional sense, composed because of the deaths of Robert Schumann (teacher and friend), and mother- desired for music to have universal appeal: chose biblical text but avoided any specifically Christian references- Originally wanted to call the work "A Human Requiem" because he didn't want any nationalist sentiments to be assumed

20

Genre of Bartok's Concerto for Orchestra:

orchestral music

21

Source of text of Ravel's Jeux d'eau:

includes an excerpt of a poem by Henri de Regnier which translates as "The river god laughs at the water as it tickles him"

22

General Structure of Mahler's Symphony no. 4:

4 movments

23

Year of Webern's Symphony op. 21:

1928

24

Which Ligeti work are we studying?

Atmospheres

25

Meter of Smetana's Vltava:

- 6/8- 2/4 for peasant wedding- 4/4 for nocturnal scene- 6/8 again for ancient castle theme

26

Source of Text of Brahm's Ein deutsches Requiem:

- A German Requiem: text chosen from Old and New Testaments from German Lutheran bible: Psalms, Proverbs, Isaiah, Ecclesiastes, Paul, Mathew, Peter, John, and Revelation- 4th movement: based on verse from Psalm 84

27

Specific form of Webern's Symphony op. 21:

- theme and 7 variations followed by a coda- symmetrical, arch shape shows the workings of Webern's mind: variations 1&7 are double canons, 2&6 are trios, 3&5 are pointillistic in effect, and the 4th serves as a turning point of the movement

28

Language of Verdi's La Traviata:

Italian

29

Year of Messiaen's Quatuor pour la fin du temps:

1941

30

Specific form of Ligeti's Atmospheres:

according to Ligeti, overall form is like a single, broad arch with individual sections melting together