Compulsive Shopping Disorder Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Compulsive Shopping Disorder Deck (34)
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1

CSB/CSD

• Loss of control over buying or shopping preoccupations, impulses or behavior resulting in impairment in social and/or
occupational functioning

2

Normal Consumer Behavior

-ends
-desire for object

3

Compulsive shopping behavior

-relieve tension
-alter mood
-improve self-esteem
-form of recreation or reward
-object itself often irrelevant

4

CSD Binge Cycle

1. Craving/Anxiety
2. Loss of control & indulge (shopping)
-Inability to avoid or refrain
3. Aftermath / Onset of Withdrawal
-Guilt, remorse, shame, embarrassment…anxiety
4. Seek relief from negative feelings

5

CSD Binge Cycle Characteristics

-Cravings = Urges to buy
• ~ 1 hour
-Episodic
• ~ 2- 8 week
-Loss of Control …
-Intoxication or ‘High’
-Consequences = Purchases
-Related to status enhancement
•~ $100-200/ episode (2008 study)
•Items often not even used
-Withdrawal Syndrome
• Short-lived relief from cravings
• Negative aftermath

6

Aftermath & Precursors to next binge

-Negative Emotional State
-Stress
-Feelings of Need
-Positive Emotions or Elation

7

Incidence CSD

• Virtually every consumer society
• Incidence currently on the rise
• rising among young
• May increase as ‘materialism’ increases
• Onset: ~18 yrs (range: 6-30yrs)
• Affects: 2% - 16% population

8

Characteristics of Those with CSD

• 4x likely carry credit card balances
• Avg earnings males (Robert, 1998)
• Current research - females=males(Koran, 2006)
• Females: ~ 6%, Males: ~5.5%

9

Gender Differences

•Earlier research showed women > men
– Based on clinical population
– ~80% females seek treatment
• Later research:
– men less likely to admit to compulsive shopping
behavior §
– Incidence in women = men
• But differences buying behaviors exist
Males-agitated, angry, elated
-Displays of
affluence, possessions

10

Female Buying Behavior

-depressed or bored
-Adornment of self, family, home
• Clothes
• Jewelry
• Makeup
• Gifts / Clothes for others
• Home décor

11

Male Buying Behavior

-agitated, angry, elated
-Displays of affluence, possessions
'G.A.S.’ – Gear Acquisition Syndrome
– Computers
– Entertainment equipment
– Tools
– Watches
– Cameras
– Sporting equipment
– Transportation
• motorcycles, cars, trucks, snowmobiles, jet-skis

12

Characteristics: Compulsive Shoppers

• Lack stable self-image
– Higher rates depression
– Higher levels anxiety
– Lower self-esteem
• Primary focus of CS
– regulate emotion > other self-regulatory behavior
• Transcendence failure
• Negative self-appraisal increases

13

Toxicity

• Debt
– Average $8,500
– ~ 50% household income goes to pay debts
– More likely in younger consumers
– More likely in households <$50K income
• Disruption of daily life
– Social & occupational functioning
– Relationships
– Can lead to criminal activities
– Suicide

14

Preoccupation/urges part of cycle

–2 major triggers:
• Shopping-related stimuli (external)
• Emotion or affect (internal)

15

Strength

– Chronic
– Temporary
• Internal or external mediated

16

Monitoring

– Loss of self-awareness (de-individuation)
– Loss of control over attention (transcendence failure)

17

Standards

Lack of conflicting standards

18

Responses

Altering to conform to standards

19

Underregulation– Inadequate strength

• Chronic: internal
• Temporary: physiological or psychological
• Externally-mediated / prompted
– overwhelming urges
– exposure or availability

20

Acquiescence

-Unlimited access
• Purchasing requires series of acts
–Overwhelming power of impulse

21

Underregulation–Reduced monitoring behavior

• Renegade attention
• Managing attention towards triggers
– Preoccupied: as if hypnotized
– During automatic stage: becomes ‘lost’
in process

22

Underregulation–Loss of control over attention

leads to transcendence failure

23

Misregulation-Lack of standards

• Irrational or Faulty Beliefs
– Fantasies
– False Reference Points

24

Misregulation– Conflicting standards

‘foolish to risk relationship... but
if (family member/partner) really loved me …'

25

Misregulation–Standards shift based on craving level

During periods of …
• low craving = decreases positive attributes of shopping
• High craving = increases positive attributes

26

Misregulation–Distorted Self-Knowledge

• Believe they’re ‘Expert shoppers’
• Low self-esteem
• Positive interactions with store staff

27

Tolerance

frequently buy more than can afford

28

Withdrawal

preoccupations, impulses or behaviors causes marked distress

29

Larger amounts

frequent preoccupation or irresistible, intrusive or senseless impulses causes consumption of greater amounts

30

Impaired control

frequent buying of unneeded items