Mechanisms of Self-Regulation Failure Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Mechanisms of Self-Regulation Failure Deck (24)
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1

Underregulation

failure to exert control

2

Misregulation

-exerting control in a way that fails to produre the desired result
-"set up" by underregulation
-majority involve some kind of deficiency in self-knowledge
-overgeneralization and over control

3

Standard Deficits

• Lack of Standards
• Multiple Standards that are in conflict or
incompatible
• False consensus effect

4

False Consensus Effect

Overestimation of the numbers of people involved in a particular behavior
The “Everybody’s doing it” effect

5

Monitoring Failure

• Deindividuation
• Disinhibition

6

Deindividuation

loss of self-awareness and evaluation

7

Disinhibition

to remove inhibitions or to remove a suppression of an action, emotion or thought

8

Strength Failure

• Inability to make oneself conform to the relevant standard
• Self-stopping
• 3 reasons for strength failure: chronic, temporary and external weaknesses

9

3 Main Reasons for Inadequate Strength

• Chronic weakness- lack of ego control
• Temporary weakness- fatigue, stress and negative emotions
• Externally-mediated weakness- unlimited access

10

Ego Control

capability of controlling ones impulses, desires, and actions

11

Zero Tolerance Beliefs

no misstep, no violation, can be allowed, because it will lead almost inevitably to disaster

12

Abstinence Violation Effect

indulging in
activities one has forbidden oneself leads to large scale indulgence

13

Acquiescence

-consciously abandoning self-regulation

14

Psychological Inertia

- longer someone is doing something, the
more difficult it is to stop
1. Zeigarnik Effect
2. Implication

15

Transcendence Deficits

• Renegade attention
• Transcendence failure

16

Renegade Attention

loss of control of attention such that a tempting stimulus manages to capture the person’s attention

17

Transcendence Failure

1. Inability to see beyond the immediate stimulus environment
2. To escape from emotional distress, people may shift toward more immediate and less meaningful styles of thinking
3. Negative self-appraisal lead to “cognitive narrowing”

18

Overgeneralization

-people assume what works for one problem in one setting will work in others
1. Starts with a deficiency in knowledge, especially self-knowledge
2. People feel better indulging in drugs but drugs make their mood worse

19

Over Control

-The desire to believe that one can control
when one cannot
1. Trying control things that are not controllable believe that one can exert control when one cannot
2. Emotional focusing- focusing particularly on controlling one’s emotions rather than on controlling whatever is the primary concern

20

Standards Monitoring Strength

Underregulation--> failure
Misregulation<-- over doing

21

Transcendence

seeing beyond the immediate stimulus environment

22

Rumination

meditation, reflective consideration (chewing your cud) to the extreme

23

Zeigarnik Effect

-particularly difficult to
interrupt a response sequence in the middle

24

Implication

-self-regulation most effective if instigated as early as possible