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Flashcards in Couples Deck (9)
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1

What is the topic split up into?

1). Domestic division of labour.

2). Are couples becoming more equal?

3). Resources and decision making.

4). Domestic violence.

2

Which 3 sociologists discuss the domestic division of labour?

1. Parsons (functionalism).

2. Bott ('march of progress') --> joint and segregated conjugal roles.

3. Young and Willmott ('march of progress') --> symmetrical family.

3

How does Parsons describe the domestic division of labour?

Instrumental and expressive roles =

- Men have an instrumental role --> breadwinner.

- Women have an expressive role --> homemaker/housewife.

4

Do the New Right agree with Parsons?

Yes;

they agree this is natural and the most beneficial way of organising family life.

5

How do feminists reject the functionalist view?

This division of labour isn't natural (it isn't found in all societies) and it only benefits men.

6

Who takes a 'march of progress' view towards the domestic division of labour?

1). Botts = sees conjugal roles becoming more equal.

Identifies 2 types of conjugal roles;

- Segregated conjugal roles.
- Joint conjugal roles.

2). Young and Willmott = the symmetrical family.

7

What are segregated/joint conjugal roles?

- Segregated =

separate roles --> sharp division of labour between male breadwinner and female homemaker.

- Joint =

couples sharing domestic tasks and leisure time.

8

What did Young and Willmott say about roles within the family?

Long-term trend towards joint conjugal roles and the symmetrical family (roles are being shared).

- Domestic roles =

becoming more equal - men help with housework and childcare.

- Paid work =

women now go out to work.

- Leisure time =

couples spend leisure time together.

9

What are the reasons for the rise in the symmetrical family?

Its due to major social change during the 20th Century, e.g.

- Higher living standards.

- Labour-saving technology.

- Better housing.

- Women working.