Demography - Globalisation and Migration Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Demography - Globalisation and Migration Deck (16)
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1

How has globalisation impacted migration?

1). Acceleration.

2). Differentiation.

3). Feminisation of migration.

2

What globalisation refer to?

The disappearance of barriers between societies has led to increased interconnectedness between nationalities.

3

How has globalisation accelerated migration?

United Nations - between 2000 and 2013 =

- International migration = increased by 33%..

4

What is meant by differentiation of migrants?

Many different types of migrants:

- Permanent settlers.
- Temporary workers.
- Asylum seekers.
- Spouses.

Some enter illegally.

5

What is an example of globalisation increasing the diversity of migration?

Students in the UK (2014) =

- 26% Chinese-born postgraduates.

- 23% UK-born postgraduates.

6

Before the 1990s, where did UK immigrants mainly come from?

Former British colonies.

7

What is meant by 'super-diversity'?

Vertovec (2007) - From the 1900s:

- migrants now come from a wider range of countries.

- they differ between their legal status' (e.g. spouse or citizen).

8

What different types of class differences between migrants does Cohen (2006) distinguish?

1). Citizens =

have full rights (e.g. voting rights).

2). Denizens =

privileged foreign nationals (e.g. billionaires).

3). Helots =

exploited labour workers who are found in poorly paid, unskilled jobs.

9

What percentage of global migrants are female?

Almost 1/2.

10

What has the globalised feminisation of migrants resulted in?

The globalisation of the gender division of labour =

- female migrants given stereotyped roles as carers or providers of sexual services.

11

What does Shutes (2011) find about adult care nurses in the UK?

40% are migrants, mostly females.

12

What is a reason for migrants women doing stereotypical roles?

Western women are more liberated =

- they are in paid work and undertake domestic labour, so migrants perform the unwanted roles.

13

What is meant by migrant identities?

Migrants may develop 'hybrid identities' =

- identities from 2+ sources (e.g. country of origin, ethnicity, country they live in).

- may find others accuse them of 'not fitting in'.

14

Who discussed transnational identities?

Erikson (2007).

15

What is meant by a transnational identity?

As globalisation creates a back-and-forth movement of people:

- instead of migrants seeing themselves as belonging to a particular country, they have identities in many countries.

16

What helps migrants maintain a transnational identity?

Modern technology =

- allows global ties to be sustained without having to travel.