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Flashcards in Demography - Globalisation and Migration Deck (16)
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How has globalisation impacted migration?

1). Acceleration.

2). Differentiation.

3). Feminisation of migration.


What globalisation refer to?

The disappearance of barriers between societies has led to increased interconnectedness between nationalities.


How has globalisation accelerated migration?

United Nations - between 2000 and 2013 =

- International migration = increased by 33%..


What is meant by differentiation of migrants?

Many different types of migrants:

- Permanent settlers.
- Temporary workers.
- Asylum seekers.
- Spouses.

Some enter illegally.


What is an example of globalisation increasing the diversity of migration?

Students in the UK (2014) =

- 26% Chinese-born postgraduates.

- 23% UK-born postgraduates.


Before the 1990s, where did UK immigrants mainly come from?

Former British colonies.


What is meant by 'super-diversity'?

Vertovec (2007) - From the 1900s:

- migrants now come from a wider range of countries.

- they differ between their legal status' (e.g. spouse or citizen).


What different types of class differences between migrants does Cohen (2006) distinguish?

1). Citizens =

have full rights (e.g. voting rights).

2). Denizens =

privileged foreign nationals (e.g. billionaires).

3). Helots =

exploited labour workers who are found in poorly paid, unskilled jobs.


What percentage of global migrants are female?

Almost 1/2.


What has the globalised feminisation of migrants resulted in?

The globalisation of the gender division of labour =

- female migrants given stereotyped roles as carers or providers of sexual services.


What does Shutes (2011) find about adult care nurses in the UK?

40% are migrants, mostly females.


What is a reason for migrants women doing stereotypical roles?

Western women are more liberated =

- they are in paid work and undertake domestic labour, so migrants perform the unwanted roles.


What is meant by migrant identities?

Migrants may develop 'hybrid identities' =

- identities from 2+ sources (e.g. country of origin, ethnicity, country they live in).

- may find others accuse them of 'not fitting in'.


Who discussed transnational identities?

Erikson (2007).


What is meant by a transnational identity?

As globalisation creates a back-and-forth movement of people:

- instead of migrants seeing themselves as belonging to a particular country, they have identities in many countries.


What helps migrants maintain a transnational identity?

Modern technology =

- allows global ties to be sustained without having to travel.