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Flashcards in Demography - Ageing Population Deck (9)
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What's happening to the average age in the UK?

Rising =

1971 = ave. 34 years.

Now = 40.

2031 = 42.6.


What happened to the number of over-65s and under-15s in 2014?

The number was equal, the first time in history.


What are the reasons for the ageing population?

1). Increasing life expectancy =

people are living longer.

2). Low infant mortality rate =

babies no longer die in large numbers.

3). Declining fertility =

fewer young people are being born.


What are the impacts of the ageing population?

1). Public services.

2). More one-person pensioner households.

3). The rising dependency ratio.

4). Ageism.


What impact has the ageing population had on public services?

Older people consume more health and social care services.


What impact has the ageing population had on households?

1/7 households are one-person pensioners.


What impact has the ageing population had on the dependency ratio?

As the number of retired increases, so does the dependency ratio =

- more non-working old, dependent on the working (tax for pensions and healthcare).


What has happened to the views of old people in society?

(Age is socially constructed) seen as a burden and incompetent =

- opposite of traditional views where the old had a high status, not low.


What does Hirsch (2005) argue about the policy implications of the ageing population?

We need new policies to finance for a longer old age =

- e.g. paying more taxes, raising retirement age.