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Flashcards in Demography - Ageing Population Deck (9)
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1

What's happening to the average age in the UK?

Rising =

1971 = ave. 34 years.

Now = 40.

2031 = 42.6.

2

What happened to the number of over-65s and under-15s in 2014?

The number was equal, the first time in history.

3

What are the reasons for the ageing population?

1). Increasing life expectancy =

people are living longer.

2). Low infant mortality rate =

babies no longer die in large numbers.

3). Declining fertility =

fewer young people are being born.

4

What are the impacts of the ageing population?

1). Public services.

2). More one-person pensioner households.

3). The rising dependency ratio.

4). Ageism.

5

What impact has the ageing population had on public services?

Older people consume more health and social care services.

6

What impact has the ageing population had on households?

1/7 households are one-person pensioners.

7

What impact has the ageing population had on the dependency ratio?

As the number of retired increases, so does the dependency ratio =

- more non-working old, dependent on the working (tax for pensions and healthcare).

8

What has happened to the views of old people in society?

(Age is socially constructed) seen as a burden and incompetent =

- opposite of traditional views where the old had a high status, not low.

9

What does Hirsch (2005) argue about the policy implications of the ageing population?

We need new policies to finance for a longer old age =

- e.g. paying more taxes, raising retirement age.