Demography - Ageism, Modernity and Postmodernity Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Demography - Ageism, Modernity and Postmodernity Deck (15)
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1

What is ageism?

The negative stereotyping of people based on their age.

2

What is ageism a consequence of?

An ageing population.

3

How is old age viewed in modern society?

Identities and status' based on our role in production =

- old people are excluded from production.

- so they have a dependent status and a stigmatised identity.

4

How is life structured in modern society?

On fixed stages (youth, adult, old, etc).

- people generate age-related identities; pupil, worker, pensioner.

- old are excluded and become dependent.

5

How is the 'fixed life stages' of modern societies different in postmodern societies?

They are broken down =

- e.g. children dressing as adults, late marriage, early retirement, etc.

6

How are our identities different in postmodern societies to modern societies?

Consumption is key to our identities, not production.

- we define ourselves by what we consume.

7

What does Hunt (2005) argue about identities in postmodern societies?

Due to greater choice, we can choose our identities regardless of our age.

8

What is the impact from greater choice in postmodern societies?

- They become central to consumerism (e.g. markets aimed at them).

- This includes; anti-ageism products, gym memberships and cosmetic surgery.

9

How is old age stigmatised in postmodern societies?

1). Products aimed to reduce appearances of old age

10

How does postmodern societies undermine the idea that old age is a stigmatised life stage?

1). Media =

portray positive lifestyles of the elderly.

2). Products =

allow the old to 'write new identities'.

11

What does Pilcher (1995) argue about inequalities among the old?

Such as class and gender =

- based on their previous occupation.

12

What are the class inequalities among the old?

M/C =

- greater pension, savings from higher salaries.

- can remain looking young.

W/C =

- lower salaries = lower life expectancy and less able to maintain youthful self-identy.

13

What are the gender inequalities among the old?

Women =

- lower pensions from having a lower paid job.

- subject to sexist ("old hags") and ageist stereotypes.

14

What is the percentage of people suffering age discrimination?

Age Concern (2004) =

29%.

15

Criticise the postmodernist view?

They understate the importance of these inequalities.

- they are structural issues and they play a major part in shaping the experience of old people.