Crash course- Agriculture and Rural Land Use Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Crash course- Agriculture and Rural Land Use Deck (12):
1

What leap in agriculture did humans make in the First Agricultural Revolution?

They discovered seed agriculture, or the farming of planted seeds. This led to higher crop yields since they can plant so many seeds at once

2

What kinds of farms did farmers work on in the Middle Ages?

They used the open-lot system, where there's one large plot of community farmland where all villagers farm to produce crops

3

What was the enclosure movement?

As capitalism began to grow, there was a movement that gave individual farmers their own plots of farmland

4

What is intertillage?

When swidden farmers mix different seeds on the same plot of farmland

5

Define fallow

The period of time when the farmland isn't farmed and recuperated from producing a crop

6

What's the difference between capital-intensive farms and labor-intensive farms?

Capital-intensive farms use a lot of machinery in the farming process, whereas labor-intensive farms use more human labor

7

According to Carl Sauer, where did humans first learn to grow plants and how?

According to Carl Sauer, humans first learned how to grow plants in Southeast Asia through vegetative planting, a process of simply cutting off the stem of another plant or dividing up roots of a plant

8

What is the international division of labor?

When different parts of a product are made in different places

9

What is the biorevolution?

The extension of scientific innovation to all crops and animal products is known as the biorevolution

10

What is undernutrition

Not getting enough calories or nutrients

11

What is Ester Bosrup's Theory?

That the food supply is dependent on human approaches (contrast to Malthus)z

12

What are debt-for-nature swaps?

When governments/organizations forgive international debts owed by developing countries in exchange for these countries to protect valuable, natural resources from human destruction