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Flashcards in Cultural heritage assessment Deck (13):

National grid

571km (355 miles) of pylon lines running through national parks and area of outstanding natural beauty (AONB)

snowdonia, peak district, new forest, recon beacons national parks, dorset tamar valley, high weald and north wessex downs AONBs= 25km of lines

underground = 50 metre-wide ranch to be dug about two metres deep 6 lines carried by pylons

hard rocks or archaeological sites can also present obstacles

alternatives incl moving pylons less obstructive locations

high weald AONB in south eat england. 50 metre tall pylons may be down the hill so they wooded slopes behind them rather than sky

+500£ mil to electrically bills over 8 years

£7 m a polo which national grid says is = 22p a year on average customer bil


why does cultural heritage matter?

defines our identity: regionally or nationally

tell us about out past

educational and research

revenue source


what sort of things

historical artefacts ruins
activities- past and present
cultural association



study of human activity through the recovery and analysis of material culture





Baseline data: landscapes

desk study may reveal:
listed buildings
schedules buildings
scheduled monuments
projected wreck sites
registered parks and gardens
registered battlefield
world heritage sites (UNESCO designated)
heritage areas or conservation areas
data held by government departments or local authorities
and local interest groups who might be consulted


Archaelogical sites

reunited buildings, earthworks, field systems

roman remains

chalk downlands: systems from 300BC visible

Dartmoor field systems from 1400 BC

box grove- chichester- Hominid remains from 500000 years ago

over 600000 known archaeological sites in england

about 2% protected by law


Nature of sites can effect preservation

WetlandsL organic material tends to be well preserved 'bog bodies'

coastal sites: 7000 years ago much larger land area: many landscapes and remains still present below the sea


Scheduled ancient monuments

protected under ancient monuments and archaeological areas act 1979

over 200 cases of monument incl standing stones, burial mounds, castles, ruined monasteries, collieries wartime, pill boxes

only national important monument are schedules and are protectd by law


cutting across envt aspects

development near a designated or important site might have to take account of a range of factors

noise vibration
impacts on the visual setting


baseline data- field work mitigation

field work for archaeology may involve geophysical survey digging exploratory pits or trenches

for architecture or landscape it might include visual assessment or survey of users and local people

significant largely about establishing importance and context



preservation during construction

potentially watching brief during some stages of construction
visual screening or restoration
management of the water table


Ilusu Dam, Eastern Turkey

on Tigris River, 65 km upstream from syriam border

will cover 313 km2

will generate 1200MW : 2% turkeys energy supply

in an arid, economically impoverish and politically unstable area

total costs: over $2 billion

will flood hasankeyf: ton of 5000 people many living in ancient cave dwellings

evidence of 9 civilisation over 10 000 years

site pilgrimage: 30 000 people per year visit the shrine of the holy Imam Abdullah grandson of Muhammad uncle

meets 9 out of 10 UNESCO criteria from world heritage site designation

liely to be completed by 2016
residnets uncertain about relocation geopolitics are very complicated- kurds, oil, neighbouring countries