Day 54 문형과 문법 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Day 54 문형과 문법 Deck (105):
0

N. + 인가요?

is it . . . ?

1

D.V. + ㄴ/은가요?

"is it . . . (adjective)?"

2

A.V. + 나요?

"is it . . . (action verb)?"

3

V. + (어/아) 가지고

=> "having done. . . ," "after doing "

4

Syn. V. + (어/아) 가지고

아/어서 OR, 은 후에

5

N. + 감

"prospective (person noun)"

6

신랑감

prospective bridegroom

7

대통령감

"(suitable for) a future president"

8

N. + 같은

"like," "same as"

9

아빠 같은 쌍둥이

Dave, who is like Dad

10

V. + 거든(요)

"you know"

11

내일은 휴가이거든요.

Tomorrow's a holiday, you know.

12

A.V. + ㄹ/을 걸 그랬다

"should have . . ."

13

순경에게 걸리다

To get caught by a cop

14

V. + ㄹ/을 것

The structure for "to do" lists.

15

오늘 방 청소 할 것

Clean my room today (to do list)

16

N. + 밖에 모르다

"to know/care about only," "to know nothing but"

17

V. + ㄴ/은/는 것밖에 모르다

"to know nothing but -ing"

18

수진이는 책밖에 몰라요.

Soojin cares only about books.

19

우리 고양이는 먹는 것밖에 몰라.

Our cat is interested only in food.

20

V. + ㄴ/은/는/ㄹ/을 것 없이

"without -ing . . ."

21

N. + 에 관해(서)/관하여

"about," "concerning"

22

미국 정치에 관해 공부하고 있어요.

I studying about American politics.

23

A.V. + 기(가) 무섭게

"as soon as," "immediately (after)"

24

V. + 기는 V. + 지만

"it is true that . . . but"

25

N. + (이)기는 하지만

"it is true that . . . but," "although it is . . ."

26

좋은 선물이기는 하지만 저는 못 받겠어요.

Although it is a nice gift, I cannot accept it.

27

V. + 기는 커녕

"far from doing. . . . "

28

N. + 은/는 커녕 . . . 도

"not even . . . let alone"

29

V. + ㄴ/은/는 데다가

"in addition to," "not only . . . but also," "and also"

30

V. + ㄴ/은/는 셈이다

"it is (almost) as though," "I would say..."

31

A.V. + ㄹ/을 셈이다

"(one) plans to," "(one) intends to"

32

너 앞으로 어떻게 할 셈이야?

What are you planning to do from now on?

33

ADV. 꼼짝

"a tiny bit (of motion)"

34

꼼짝 말아라!

Don't move!

35

꼼짝 할 수 없다.

I am not able to move at all/even a little bit.

36

V. + 기도 하다

"it is also . . ."

37

여름에 보통 덥지만 가끔 춥기도 하다.

It is usually warm, but sometimes it is cold in the summer.

38

V. + 기만 하면

whenever," "every time," "only if"

39

친구는 술을 마시기만 하면 졸아요.

Whenever he drinks, my friend falls asleep

40

돈을 벌기만 하면 컴퓨터를 하나 살 거야.

Only if I make money will I buy a computer.

42

A.V. + (으)나 마나

"no use," "no point doing," "not worth doing"

43

그 약은 먹으나 마나였다.

The medicine was no use. It didn't help.

44

지(요) 뭐 or -나(요) 뭐

What else? Or, you know?

45

아무 N. + (이)나

"any N."

46

아무 맥주나

Any beer

47

아무 거나 주세요.

Please give me anything/one.

48

Question word + (이)든지

"whoever/whatever/whenever/wherever . . ."

49

얼마든지

Any amount

50

Question word + V. + 든지

"whoever/whatever/whenever/wherever . . . (verb)"

51

누가 오든지

"whoever comes"

52

무엇을 보든지

whatever (you) see"

53

어디에 가든지

"wherever (you) go"

54

어떻게 말하든지

"no matter how (you) say (it)"

55

누구를 만나든지 예절을 잘 지키세요.

Whomever you meet, be courteous.

56

무엇을 배우든지 열심히 해야 돼.

Work hard at whatever you study.

57

A.V. + ㄴ/은 채(로)

"just as it is," "(while) doing," "being in the state of"

58

V. + ㄹ/을까(요)?

"do you think . . . ?"

59

김 선생님이 학교에 오실까요?

Do you think Mr. Kim will come to school?

60

내일은 날씨가 좋을까요?

Do you think it will be nice tomorrow?

61

V. + 는 둥 마는 둥 (하고)

"hurriedly," "haphazardly," "barely," "hardly"

62

샤워를 하는 둥 마는 둥 (하고) 뛰어 나갔다.

I hurriedly took a shower and ran out.

63

잠을 자는 둥 마는 둥 (하고) 일어났다.

I had barely slept when I woke up.

64

약속이 있어서 인사를 하는 둥 마는 둥하고 아저씨 집을 나왔다.

Because I had an appointment, I left my uncle's house in a hurry, barely saying good-bye.

65

N. + 만큼

"(almost) as much as," "as well as"

66

동생이 형만큼 키가 크다.

The younger brother is as tall as his older brother.

67

V. + ㄴ/은/는/ㄹ/을 + 만큼

do as much as," "is enough to . . ."


68

그 책은 돈 주고 살 만큼 재미있지 않다.

The book is not interesting enough for me to buy it.

69

그 물건은 비싼 만큼 좋지 않다.

The stuff is not worth what it costs.

70

공부한 만큼 배울 거다.

You will learn as much as you study.

71

V. + 다가

"while doing," "as (something) is going on"

72

V. + 었/았다가

"while/when," "and then"

73

껐다가 다시 켜보면 어떨까요?

How about turning it off and then turning it on?

74

V. + 다 보니

"while (doing/being)," "as . . . (is doing)," "as," "since"

75

자다 보니 기차가 뉴욕에 도착했다.

As I was sleeping, the train arrived in New York.

76

친구와 얘기하면서 걷다 보니 벌써 학교에 왔다.

(I realized that) we'd already arrived at the school as we walked while talking.

77

날씨가 나쁘다 보니 모임에 사람이 아무도 안 나왔다.

Nobody came to the meeting since the weather has been bad.

78

알다시피

as you know"

79

보다시피

as you can see"

80

듣다시피

as you can hear

81

들었다시피

"as you heard"

82

너도 보다시피 여기는 의자가 없지 않니.

As you can see, there are no chairs here.

83

-다시피하다

"almost" or "nearly."

84

오늘 바빠서 굶다시피 했어

I was so busy today I almost starved.

85

V. + 다지(요)?

"don't/didn't I hear . . . ?"

86

V. + 었/았다지(요)?

"don't/didn't I hear . . . ?"

87

N. + (이)라지(요)?

"don't/didn't I hear that it's . . . ?"

88

N. + (이)었다지(요)?

don't/didn't I hear that it was . . . ?"

89

V. + (ㄴ/는)다 하더라도

"even if," "although," "no matter (what, who, and so on)"

90

한국으로 간다 하더라도 너를 잊지 않을게.

Even if you go to Korea, I'll not forget you.

91

A.V. + (어/아) 대다

"to keep on doing," "to do repeatedly"

92

V. + 더니

"and then," "since," ”but"
-더니 is not used with I or we.

93

수잔이 한국에 가더니 소식이 없네.

Since Susan went to Korea, there has been no news.

94

V. + 었/았더니

"since," "because," "so," "as," "when"
Subjects are usually NOT the same

95

밥을 많이 먹었더니 배가 아프다.

I ate too much and have a stomachache.

96

Diff. 았더니 vs. 았는데

??

97

전화를 했더니 친구는 벌써 나가고 없었다.

I called a friend, but he was already out.

98

A.V. + 던 참이다/차이다

"(I am) in the middle of doing/being . . ."

99

A.V. + 던 참에

"in the middle of doing"

100

-던 참이다 vs. -던 참에

던 참에 = It's good timing, an opportune moment

101

번역하던 참야.

I am (in the middle of) translating.

102

배고프던 참에 잘 됐다. 먹으러 가자.

Great! I am (in the middle of being) hungry. Let's go eat.

103

과장님께 서류를 전해 드리러 가던 참에 과장님을 복도에서 만났다.

On my way to deliver the paper to the manager, I ran into her in the hallway.

104

N. + 을/를 데려다가

"after bringing"

105

N. + (을/를) 데리고

"bringing/taking with"