December 1, 2015 - Papulosquamous Flashcards Preview

COURSE 2 > December 1, 2015 - Papulosquamous > Flashcards

Flashcards in December 1, 2015 - Papulosquamous Deck (12):
1

Psoriasis

A prototypical papulosquamous condition. Well-demarcated erythematous papules and plaques with silvery scale. Usually on extensor surfaces.

This is a multifactorial disease in patients who are genetically predisposed.

30% of patients have a family history.

 

Demonstrates "Auspitz's Sign"

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2

Auspitz's Sign

When the individual silvery scales are plucked from the psoriatic plaques, tiny pinpoint capillary bleeding may be seen, which is the sign.
 

 

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3

Guttate Psoriasis

Numerous small papular lesions with silvery scaling evolve suddenly over the body.

This occurs 1-3 weeks after streptococcal pharyngitis.

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4

Erythrodermic Psoriasis

Generalized erythema and scale covering the entire body may occur secondary to...

 

- Over vigorous therapy

- A superimposed drug reaction

- Withdrawal from oral corticosteroids

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5

Psoriasis Inversus

Plaques evolve in intertriginous areas. Basically, psoriasis that develops only in areas that are moist and wet. These areas are usually unaffected in regular psoriasis.

The typical silver scale is absent because of the moisture.

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6

Psoriasis Topical Treatment

Patients are counseled to avoid irritants and use a moisturizer. This is extremely important; if this is not done, any other treatment won't work.

- Topical corticosteroids

- Topical calcineurin inhibitors

- Photo therapy

7

Psoriasis Systemic Treatment

Corticosteroids (short-term)

Methotrexate

Cyclosporine

Dapsone

Biologics

8

Psoriatic Nails

Occur in 50% of cases and can be a clue to the diagnosis.

Nail pits look like "pick-like" depressions 

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9

Pityriasis Rosea

Is a usually benign skin rash. Classically, it begins with a single "herald rash" lesion, which is followed in 1 or 2 weeks by a generalized body rash.

Often preceded by an upper respiratory infection.

Spontaneously resolves in 1-2 months.

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10

Lichen Planus

Characterized by flat topped polygonal, purple papules.

Typical locations are ankles, wrists, mouth, genitalia.

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11

Secondary Syphilis

Presents with red or copper-coloured scaling papules and plaques that are sometimes annular and are usually generalized and often include the palms and soles.

 

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12

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