November 16, 2015 - Rehab Flashcards Preview

COURSE 2 > November 16, 2015 - Rehab > Flashcards

Flashcards in November 16, 2015 - Rehab Deck (13):
1

Activities of Daily Living

"DEATH"

Dressing

Eating

Ambulating

Toileting

Hygine

2

Instrumental Activities of Daily Living

"SHAFT"

Shopping

Housekeeping

Accounting

Food preparation

Transportation / telephone / tools

3

Cadence

Steps per minute

4

Step Width

The distance between the front of one foot to the heel of another while walking

5

Step Length

The distance from the heel of one foot to the heel of the other while walking.

6

Stride Length

The distance from the heel of one foot the the location where the same heel strikes while walking.

7

Percent of Time in Stance and Swing

60% in stance

40% in swing

8

Most Common Cause of Lower Limb Amputations

Diabetes

9

Risk Factors for Amputation

Diabetes - 9%

Hypertension - 29%

BOTH - 36%

"Other" - 20%

 

Diabetes and high blood pressure make up a sizeable risk factor.

10

Principles for Choosing Amputation Level

1. Adequate circulation for wound healing

2. Preserve as many functional joints as possible

3. Adequate soft tissue coverage

4. Future functional prosthetic use and fitting

11

Residual Limb Pain

Pain that is located in the residual portion of the amputated limb.

12

Phantom Limb Pain

Pain that is located in the amputated portion of the limb, even though it is no longer there.

13

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