December 3, 2015 - Cutaneous Manifestations Flashcards Preview

COURSE 2 > December 3, 2015 - Cutaneous Manifestations > Flashcards

Flashcards in December 3, 2015 - Cutaneous Manifestations Deck (10):
1

Acanthosis Nigricans

Is a bornw of black poorly defined, velvety hyperpigmentation of the skin. It is usually found in body folds, the neck, or the armpits, or groin.

Type I is associated with malignancy

Type II is familial

Type III is associated with obesity

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2

Intertrigo

Is an inflammation of the body founds commonly caused by candida.

Must be treated for the infection. Do not use corticosteroids.

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3

Necrobiosis Lipoidica

Is a necrotising skin condition that usually occurs in patients with diabetes mellitus, but can also be associated with rheumatoid arthritis.

May appear on the skins, often on both legs.

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4

Diabetic Bulla

Is a cutaneous condition characterized by noninflammatory, spontaneous, painless blisters. Often in acral locations such as feet, toes, hands, fingers, ears.

Seen in diabetic patients (no shit).

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5

Diabetic Ulcers

Is a major complication of diabetes mellitus.

Healing is delayed, and nerves are damaged so they don't feel the ulcer forming. A simple rock in the shoe can destroy a diabetic's foot.

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6

Dermatomyositis

Inflammatory eruption affecting the skin and muscle.

There is an association of dermatitis, edema, and muscular inflammation and degenderation.

Manifestations include Gottron's Papules (redness on knuckles), and Photosensitivity.

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7

Lupus Erythematosus

1. Malar rash

2. Discoid rash

3. Photosensitivity

4. Oral ulcers

5. Arthritis

6. Renal disease

7. Serositis

8. Neurological disorders

9. Hematological disorders

10. Immunologic disorders

11. Anti-nuclear antibody

8

Pyoderma Gangrenosum

Commonly associated with IBD (Crohn's and UC), polyarthritis, and hematologic diseases.

 

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9

Sweets Syndrome

Abrupt onset of tender or painful erythematous plaques or nodules occasionally with vesicles, pustules, or bulla.

 

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10

Sarcoidosis

Is a disease involving abnormal collections of inflammatory cells (granulomas) that can form as nodules in multiple organs.

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