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Flashcards in Delirium & Dementia Deck (7)
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1
Q

Name some key features of delirium.

A

Acute disturbance of arousal/attention affecting multiple systems; aka acute confusional state

2
Q

What differentiates dementia from mild cognitive impairment?

A

Mild cognitive impairment does NOT cause functional impairment but does meet definition of dementia otherwise

3
Q

What concept can the different etiologies of delirium be traced down to?

A

Failure of brains cells to work properly (due to lack of necessary fuels, etc.)

4
Q

How is Lewy body dementia different from Alzheimer’s dementia?

A

AD patients have memory problems associated with memory storage and LBD patients have problems associated with memory retrieval

5
Q

How is Lewy body dementia different from Parkinson’s dementia?

A

Cognitive symptoms begin at the same time or within a year of Parkinson symptoms in LBD but dementia onset is much later (> 1 year) than Parkinson symptom onset in PD

6
Q

What pharmacologic treatments, although last resort, can be used for delirium treatment?

A

Atypical antipsychotics

7
Q

What medications can be used for dementia treatment?

A

Donepezil, rivastigmine, galantimine (cholinesterase inhibitors - cholinomimetics) & mementine (NMDA antagonist)