Anxiety, Somatic & Personality Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Anxiety, Somatic & Personality Disorders Deck (21)
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1
Q

What are the diagnostic criteria for GAD?

A

Persistent excessive anxiety for everyday stressors for at least SIX MONTHS; overlap w/ MDD (80% comorbidity)

2
Q

How are panic attacks in panic disorder different from panic attacks otherwise (w/o the disorder)?

A

Panic attacks in panic disorder are SPONTANEOUS

3
Q

What are the diagnostic criteria for panic disorders?

A

Recurrent, unexpected panic attacks; worry about additional panic attacks or behavior changes to avoid them; more common in women & onset in early 20s typically

4
Q

What is agoraphobia?

A

Fear or avoidance of being helpless in places where escape can be difficult or embarrassing

5
Q

What are the diagnostic criteria for OCD?

A

Chronic obsessions and compulsions that:

  • cause significant distress,
  • interfere with functioning or
  • time consuming ( >1 day)
  • Commonly co-morbid with anxiety disorders/MDD
6
Q

What is PANDAS?

A

Pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infection

7
Q

What are the diagnostic criteria for PTSD?

A

Severe trauma resulting in: re-experiencing the trauma, avoidance of reminders, negatives changes in thinking/mood, hyperarousal
*Symptoms last more than ONE MONTH (if < 1 month –> acute stress disorder)

8
Q

What are the diagnostic criteria for adjustment disorder?

A

Clinically significant symptoms in response to an identifiable stressor.
Once stressor is over, symptoms stop within SIX MONTHS

9
Q

Somatic symptom disorder involves which characteristics and for how long?

A
One or more somatic symptom w/:
- Persistent thoughts about seriousness of
- High anxiety about
- Excessive time/energy devoted to it
Last for >6 months
10
Q

What is conversion disorder?

A

Sudden loss of motor/sensory function often due to some stressor; la belle indifference: patient may be aware of but indifferent toward symptoms

11
Q

What are the factitious disorders?

A

Patient consciously creates physical/psychological symptoms to be in sick role (primary/internal gain)
Munchausen syndrome & munchausen syndrome by proxy

12
Q

What is illness anxiety disorder?

A

Preoccupation or anxiety about illness but no presence of any symptoms

13
Q

What is pseudocyesis?

A

False pregnancy - may have signs of pregnancy but not pregnant

14
Q

What is malingering?

A

Consciously stimulating an illness for secondary/external gain

15
Q

Which defense mechanisms are involved with paranoid PD?

A

Projection

16
Q

Which defense mechanisms are involved with schizoid PD?

A

Fantasy

17
Q

Which defense mechanisms are involved with antisocial PD?

A

Acting out

18
Q

Which defense mechanisms are involved with borderline PD?

A

Splitting and passive aggression

19
Q

Which defense mechanisms are involved with histrionic PD?

A

Dissociation - sudden change in personality

20
Q

Which defense mechanisms are involved with avoidant PD?

A

Avoidance

21
Q

Which defense mechanisms are involved with OCPD?

A

Undoing, isolation of affect, reaction formation