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Flashcards in Autism Deck (7)
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1
Q

What are the clinical features of autism according to DSM-V?

A

Symptoms in early developmental period:
- Persistent deficits in social interactions & communication across multiple contexts
- RRBs (need 2)
Total: 6 or more
*DSM IV: three categories of social interaction, social communication & RRBs
*Need to specify severity!

2
Q

What are the autism spectrum disorders?

A

Autism, Asperger’s, pervasive developmental delay disorder not otherwise specified

3
Q

How is pervasive developmental delay-NOS characterized?

A

Autism characteristics but not severe enough to meet autism criteria ( <6 symptoms)

4
Q

What are the severity levels for ASD?

A

Level 1: requires support
Level 2: requiring substantial support
Level 3: requiring very substantial support

5
Q

What are the possible specifiers for autism spectrum disorders?

A

With intellectual impairment
With language impairment
Associated w/ medical or genetic condition

6
Q

What are some brain abnormalities in autism?

A
  • Accelerated brain growth in first years and then stabilizes
  • Disorganized neuronal layers in cerebral cortex
  • Reduced numbers of Purknje neurons in cerebellum
    … Others too, didn’t include all!
7
Q

Current neurobiological models for autism are based on which principles?

A

Autism involves

  • Alterations in neuron connectivity
  • Alterations in neuronal structure, synapses and neurotransmitter systems