Depression Disorders Flashcards Preview

Term IV: Behavioral Science > Depression Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Depression Disorders Deck (18):
1

Prolonged emotional tone

Mood

2

Moment to moment emotional state

Affect

3

Psychodynamic factors of depression

- Unresolved, often unconscious conflict
- Loss, disruption of significant attachments
- Traumatic disillusionments regarding self and others

4

Cognitive factors of depression ("negative cognitive triad")

Unrealistically negative and demeaning view of oneself, world, future

5

- Excessive recall of negative material
- Catastrophizing and overgeneralizing
- Dismissive of positive experience
- Personalize failures
- Rigidity of expectations

Negative cognitive style

6

interpersonal stressors leading to depression

- Unresolved grief
- Problematic role transitions
- Interpersonal disputes

7

- Follows experiences with uncontrollable events
- Outcome is independent of effort
- Animal model of depression
- Hopelessness and loss of self-esteem
- relationship to “culture of poverty”

Learned helplessness

8

Psychobiological or traumatic factors leading to depression

- Physical or Sexual
- Chronic Brain and Neuroendocrine Abnormalities
- Increased vulnerability to new stressors
- Genetic predisposition
- Disturbance of sleep and circadian rhythms
- Regional disturbances in rain
- Treatment Resistant Depression
- Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

9

Social and cultural predispositions to depression

- Cohort effect - baby boomers, depression, suicide
- Immigration - integration, assimilation, rejection, marginalization

10

What is the major risk factor for suicide?

Depression

11

Depression can be a major risk factor for what illness?

Cardiovascular

12

What medical illnesses have the highest prevalence of depression?

Stroke, Parkinson's, cancer

13

What drugs are often used in depressed HIV-positive outpatients?

Paroxetine, Imipramine

14

Three major types of depressive disorders?

1. Major depressive episode - single episode
2. Dysthymic Disorder - persistent depression disorder
3. Bereavement

15

Example of a depressive disorder not otherwise specified (NOS)

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder - during final week before menses, improves after onset - affective lability, interpersonal irritability, anger, depression/self-depreciation, anxiety/tension

16

Maladaptive rxn to social stressor (marital, job, illness), impaired social/occupational function plus excessive symptoms

Adjustment disorder w/ depressed mood

17

Loss of pleasure in all or almost all activities or lack of reactivity to usually pleasurable stimuli

Melancholia

18

What type of depressive disorder are women affected with 2x as much?

Persistent depressive disorders - dysthymia