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Term IV: Behavioral Science > Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Terminology Deck (44):
1

What are the biological factors in the biopsychosocial model?

- Genetics
- Substances
- Illnesses/Injuries

2

What are the psychological factors in the biopsychosocial model?

- Developmental Experiences
- Early relationship patterns
- Current relationship patterns
- Defense mechanisms

3

What are the social factors in the biopsychosocial model?

- Current life experiences and stressors
- Cultural factors
- Religious/spiritual factors

4

What three things are included in a general description of patients?

A. Appearance
B. Behavior
C. Motor Activity

5

Pathological imitation of movements of one person by another

Echopraxia

6

general term for an immobile position that is constantly maintained

Catalepsy

7

markedly slowed motor activity, often to a point of immobility and seeming unawareness of surroundings

Catatonic stupor

8

condition of a person who can be molded into a position that is then maintained; when the examiner moves the person’s limb, the limb feels that it is made of wax

Waxy flexibility

9

temporary loss of muscle tone and weakness precipitated by a variety of emotional states

Cataplexy

10

repetitive fixed pattern of physical action or speech

Stereotypy

11

excessive motor and cognitive over activity, usually nonproductive and in response to internal tension

Psychomotor agitation

12

subjective feeling of muscular tension secondary to antipsychotic or other medication, which can cause restlessness, pacing, repeated sitting and standing; can be mistaken for agitation

Akathisia

13

decreased motor and cognitive activity, visible slowing of thought, speech, and movement

Psychomotor retardation

14

difficulty in performing voluntary movements, as in extrapyramidal disorders

Dyskinesia

15

slowness of motor activity with a decrease in normal spontaneous movement

Bradykinesia

16

random and involuntary quick, jerky, purposeless movements

Chorea

17

slow, sustained contractions of the trunk or limbs; can be medication induced

Dystonia

18

(mood swings) oscillations between euphoria, depression, or anxiety

Labile mood

19

a person’s difficulty in describing or being aware of emotions or mood

Alexithymia

20

Mood vs. Affect

Mood - a pervasive and sustained emotion, subjectively experienced and reported by the patient and observed by others; examples include depression, elation, anger

Affect - the observed expression of emotion, possibly inconsistent with the patient’s description of the emotion

21

absence or near absence of any signs of affective expression; voice monotonous, face immobile

Flat affect

22

rapid speech that is increased in amount and difficult to interrupt

Pressured speech

23

false perception of orders that a person may feel obliged to obey or unable to resist (often dangerous)

Command hallucination

24

indirect speech that is delayed in reaching the point but eventually gets from the original point to the desired goal; characterized by an over inclusion of details and parenthetical remarks

Circumstantiality

25

inability to have goal directed associations of thought; speaker never gets from desired point to desired goal

Tangentiality

26

persisting response to a previous stimulus after a new stimulus has been presented; often associated with cognitive disorders

Perseveration

27

flow of thought in which ideas shift from one subject to another in a completely unrelated way; when severe, speech may be incoherent

Loosening of associations

28

rapid, continuous verbalizations or plays on words produce constant shifting from one idea to another; ideas tend to be connected but too fast for the listener to comprehend

Flight of ideas

29

a fixed false belief, based on incorrect inference about external reality, not consistent with the patient’s intelligence and cultural background, cannot be corrected by reasoning.

Delusion

30

pathological persistence of an irresistible thought or feeling that cannot be eliminated from consciousness by logical effort, associated with anxiety

Obsession

31

pathological need to act on an impulse that, if resisted, produces anxiety; repetitive behavior in response to an obsession or performed according to certain rules

Compulsion

32

ability to appreciate nuances of meaning; multidimensional thinking with ability to use metaphors and hypotheses appropriately

Abstract thinking

33

Pathological feeling of sadness

Depression

34

condition in which the emotional tone is in harmony with the accompanying idea, thought, or speech; also further described as broad or full affect in which a full range of emotions is appropriately expressed

Appropriate affect

35

disharmony between the emotional feeling tone and the idea, thought, or speech accompanying it

Inappropriate affect

36

reduction in the intensity of externalized feeling tone

Restricted or constricted affect

37

false sensory perception not associated with real external stimuli; there may or may not be a delusional interpretation of the hallucinatory experience

Hallucination

38

hallucination in which the content is consistent with either a manic or depressed mood; e.g. the manic patient would hear voices saying the patient is of inflated worth, power, and knowledge

Mood congruent hallucination

39

hallucination in which the content is not consistent with either a depressed or manic mood

Mood incongruent hallucination

40

misperception or misinterpretation of real external sensory stimuli

Illusion

41

defense mechanism involving the segregation of any group of mental or behavioral processes from the rest of the person’s psychic activity

Dissociation

42

partial or total inability to recall past experiences; may be medical or emotional in origin

Amnesia

43

amnesia for events occurring after a point in time

Anterograde

44

amnesia for events occurring before a point in time

Retrograde