Personality Disorders Flashcards Preview

Term IV: Behavioral Science > Personality Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Personality Disorders Deck (35):
1

Inflexible, maladaptive personality traits that cause impairment in social/occupational function

Personality disorders

2

At what age do personality disorders become present and enduring

Adolescence

3

T or F. Personality disorders inherently cause distress.

FALSE

4

Our enduring personal organization that determines our adjustment to environment and develops through interaction of hereditary dispositions and environment

Personality

5

Aspect of personality that describes the biologically derived elements of behavior and dimensions of personality.

Temperament

6

At what age is temperament identifiable?

Age 3-4

7

Cloninger's 4 forms of temperaments:

- Novelty seeking
- Harm avoidance
- Reward dependence
- Persistence (delayed gratification)

8

Aspect of personality that is weakly related to heritable factors and develops from culture, unique life events, and social learning. More change w/ aging, therapy, and healing relationships.

Character

9

Cloninger's 4 forms of character:

- Self as autonomous individual
- Self in relationships
- Self in community
- Self as part of universe

10

Elements of character

- Mental (defense) mechanisms
- Representation of self
- Representations of significant others
- Psychometric studies

11

Cloninger's three measures of character/psychometric studies:

1. Self-directedness,
2. Cooperativeness
3. Self transcendence - generativity

12

As people age, what happens to the following (increase/decrease:

- Novelty seeking
- Self-directedness/cooperativeness
- Self-transcendence

- Decreases
- Increases
- Decreases through 40's, then bimodal change

13

Ternary Awareness

Knowledge of physical, mental, spiritual components, self-transcendence + self-directedness, sanctification/calling

14

Cluster A disorders

Schizoid, Schizotypal, Paranoid

15

Which cluster of personality disorders?

Phenomenology - odd, eccentric

Temperament - low reward dependence

Character - primitive mental mechanisms, esp projection

Cluster A

16

- Indifference - to social relationships
- Constricted - restricted range of emotional experience/expression
- Solitary - Impaired capacity to form relational world
- Asexual

(attenuated negative symptoms of schizophrenia)

Schizoid Personality Disorder

17

- Referential and magical thinking, connections destabilize and disorganize
- Social anxiety and yearnings
- Odd behavior and appearance
- Express attachment needs more than schizoid

(attenuated positive symptoms of schizophrenia)

Schizotypal Personality Disorder

18

Why is schizoid personality disorder a disorder if patient is content?

Makes him 10x more likely to develop psychosis/have psychotic episode

19

- Pattern of over-interpreting the environment, hypersensitive
- Pervasive, unwarranted suspiciousness; mistrustful, unforgiving, isolated
- Unremitting hyper-vigilance
- Self referential (egocentric)

(attenuated paranoid subtype of schizophrenia)

Paranoid Personality Disorder

20

Which cluster of disorders involve increased vulnerability of psychosis and decreased reward dependence?

Cluster A

21

Cluster B Disorders

Histrionic, Antisocial, Narcissistic, Borderline

22

Which cluster of personality disorders?

Phenomenology: dramatic and erratic

Temperament: High novelty seeking, low harm avoidance

Character: Empathic deficits, high self-direction, low transcendence, externalization

Cluster B

23

Which personality disorder?

- Pervasive pattern of grandiosity
- Lack of empathy harms love relationships
- Unquenchable need for admiration
- Entitlement, grandiosity, competitive, exploitative, unempathic, envious

Narcissistic Personality Disorder

24

More common in women or men? Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Men - 70% are male

25

Which personality disorder is susceptible to mood disorders and early onset alcoholism?

Narcissistic (Cluster B)

26

Which personality disorder?

- Behavioral violation of others rights
- Irresponsible at work, home
- Lack of enduring attachments
- Repetitive irritability and aggression
- Irresponsible, aggressive, dishonest, unsocialized, impulsive, remorseless

Antisocial Personality Disorder

27

More common in women or men? Antisocial Personality Disorder

Predominantly men

28

Which personality disorder?

- Extraordinary instability, vacillation
- Deficient relational memory
- Fragile view of self, others
- Atrial fibrillation of psychiatry
- Rageful/adulation, aggressive/self-destructive, idealization/devaluation, disconnect of effort and expectations

Borderline Personality Disorder

29

More common in women or men? Borderline Personality Disorder

Predominantly women

30

Cluster C disorders:

Avoidant, OCD, Dependent, Passive Aggressive

31

Which cluster of personality disorders?

Phenomenology: Anxious, inhibited

Temperament: High harm avoidance, reward dependence

Character: Excess of mature mental mechanisms

Cluster C

32

Which cluster of personality disorders has susceptibility to depression, late onset alcoholism?

Cluster C

33

Which personality disorder?

- Isolated, but longing for attachment
- Easily embarrassed, but not egocentric
- Plain & drab, but not eccentric

Avoidant

34

Which personality disorder?

- Deferential, obsequious, conciliatory, clinging, trades self actualization for approximation

Dependent

35

Which personality disorder?

- Pervasive pattern of perfectionism, control, inflexibility
- Restricted access to (vulnerable) emotions of self, others
- Misses forest, knows minutiae of trees
- Direct/indirect efforts to control others
- Deficits in play, joy, spontaneity
- Perfectionist, controlling, tedious, rule bound, indecisive, shy, stingy, scrupulous

OCD