Anxiety Disorders Flashcards Preview

Term IV: Behavioral Science > Anxiety Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anxiety Disorders Deck (24):
1

Difference between fear and anxiety

Fear is a response to a known threat; anxiety is vague, internal or conflictual

2

T or F. Higher socioeconomic status is associated with a higher prevalence of anxiety disorders.

True

3

Who has higher lifetime prevalence for anxiety disorder?

Women

4

Freud believes anxiety is a failure of what?

Defense mechanisms

5

What is the behavioral theory behind anxiety?

It's a conditioned response to a specific stimulus which becomes generalized

6

Biological reaction to anxiety

Increased sympathetic tone

7

Insomnia, startle, and autonomic hyperarousal are characteristic of increased function of what NT

Norepinephrine

8

Acute stress is associated with increased turnover of what NT

Serotonin

9

Enhancing activity of what NT helps with anxiety disorders

GABA

10

Panic attack has to have at least how many of the following symptoms and peak within how many minutes?

Palpitations, sweating, trembling, feeling of choking, chest pain, nausea, dizziness, fear of dying, chills, paresthesias, fear of losing control

4 symptoms

10 minutes

11

Anxiety about being in places where escape might be difficult or help might not be available in the event of panic attack

Agoraphobia

12

Attacks last at least one month and are accompanied by a fear of having another atack

Panic disorder

13

Men or women more likely to have panic attacks?

Women

14

Marked fear of object or situation

Specific Phobia

15

Marked fear of social situations, exposure to unfamiliar people or scrutiny by others, fear of humiliation or embarrassment

Social phobia

16

Actual or perceived threat of death or serious injury - presents as intense fear, helplessness, or horror

PTSD - post-traumatic stress disorder

17

PTSD Criteria

Re-experiencing
Avoidance
Arousal (can't fall asleep)

18

Subtypes of PTSD

- Preschool: children less than 6 years
- Dissociative: individuals with dissociative symptoms including feeling detached from one's own mind or body, world seems unreal

19

Excessive anxiety or worry for at least 6 months or more

Restlessness, easily fatigued, difficulty concentrating, irritability, muscle tension, sleep disturbane

Generalized anxiety disorder

20

Recurrent thoughts or impulses that are intrusive and cause anxiety or repetitive behaviors/mental acts that a person feels driven to perform

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

21

Who is affected more in OCD - men or women?

Equal

22

Tricotillomani

hair pulling

23

Excoriation disorder

skin picking

24

Additional disorders included in OCD

Tricotillomania, hoarding, excoriation, body dysmorphic disorder