Flashcards in Anxiety Disorders Deck (24):
Difference between fear and anxiety
Fear is a response to a known threat; anxiety is vague, internal or conflictual
T or F. Higher socioeconomic status is associated with a higher prevalence of anxiety disorders.
Who has higher lifetime prevalence for anxiety disorder?
Freud believes anxiety is a failure of what?
What is the behavioral theory behind anxiety?
It's a conditioned response to a specific stimulus which becomes generalized
Biological reaction to anxiety
Increased sympathetic tone
Insomnia, startle, and autonomic hyperarousal are characteristic of increased function of what NT
Acute stress is associated with increased turnover of what NT
Enhancing activity of what NT helps with anxiety disorders
Panic attack has to have at least how many of the following symptoms and peak within how many minutes?
Palpitations, sweating, trembling, feeling of choking, chest pain, nausea, dizziness, fear of dying, chills, paresthesias, fear of losing control
Anxiety about being in places where escape might be difficult or help might not be available in the event of panic attack
Attacks last at least one month and are accompanied by a fear of having another atack
Men or women more likely to have panic attacks?
Marked fear of object or situation
Marked fear of social situations, exposure to unfamiliar people or scrutiny by others, fear of humiliation or embarrassment
Actual or perceived threat of death or serious injury - presents as intense fear, helplessness, or horror
PTSD - post-traumatic stress disorder
Arousal (can't fall asleep)
Subtypes of PTSD
- Preschool: children less than 6 years
- Dissociative: individuals with dissociative symptoms including feeling detached from one's own mind or body, world seems unreal
Excessive anxiety or worry for at least 6 months or more
Restlessness, easily fatigued, difficulty concentrating, irritability, muscle tension, sleep disturbane
Generalized anxiety disorder
Recurrent thoughts or impulses that are intrusive and cause anxiety or repetitive behaviors/mental acts that a person feels driven to perform
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Who is affected more in OCD - men or women?