Psychotherapy Flashcards Preview

Term IV: Behavioral Science > Psychotherapy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Psychotherapy Deck (33):
1

Transference

Sum of relationships - all interactions are influenced by these relationships

2

Countertransferance

Feelings generated toward the patient in the therapist, usually related to therapist's unique experience of life

3

Theory and goals of what therapy?

Recovery of childhood experiences and conflicts as they are recreated in the relationship with the analyst.

Psychoanalysis

4

Duration and frequency of what therapy?

3 -6 years
4-5x per week

Psychoanalysis

5

Techniques of what therapy?

Use of fantasy and dreams, free association, couch, neutral analyst

Psychoanalysis

6

Are transferance and defences interpreted in psychoanalysis?

Transference - yes b/c represents past conflicts

Defenses - maladaptive ones

7

Theory and goals of what therapy:

Understanding early conflict, use of "here and now"

Psychodynamic

8

What selection criteria are used for treating a patient with psychoanalysis?

- Relatively stable
- Able to observe own emotional states
- Able to use insight
- High ego strength
- Not psychotic

9

T or F. Psychodynamic psychotherapy can include less stable personality disorders than psychoanalysis.

TRUE

10

Duration and frequency of what therapy:

Months to years
Weekly to several times/wk

Psychodynamic

11

Techniques of what therapy:

- Face to face, sitting up
- Interpretation and clarification
- Some supportive interventions

Psychodynamic

12

Are transferance and defenses interpreted in psychodynamic therapy?

Transference - yes to understand further areas of conflict

Defenses - maladaptive interpreted, mature encouraged

13

Theory and goals of what therapy:

- Clarifies and resolves an area of conflict that interferes w/ current function

Brief Therapy

14

Patient selection criteria for which therapy:

Must be able to identify discrete issue

Forms good working relationship w/ therapist quickly

Brief Therapy

15

Duration and frequency of what therapy:

12 to 20 sessions
Usually weekly

Brief Therapy

16

Techniques of what therapy:

- Face to face
- Duration of therapy set @ beginning
- Focus of content

Brief Therapy

17

Transference and defenses interpreted in brief therapy?

Yes to both as it relates to therapy

18

Theory and goals of what therapy:

- Views conscious thoughts as producing and perpetuating symptoms
- Removal of symptoms through identifying and altering distortions

Cognitive Therapy

19

Patient selection criteria for which therapy:

- Depression, anxiety, phobias, somatization
- Must have motivation to work outside of therapy
- NOT for severe personality pathology, substance abuse

Cognitive therapy

20

Duration/frequency of what therapy

15-25 sessions
Weekly

Cognitive

21

Techniques of what therapy

- Behavioral assignments
- Reading
- Learning to recognize "automatic thoughts"

Cognitive therapy

22

Are transference and defenses interpreted in cognitive therapy?

No - b/c goal is symptom reduction through changing one's subjective experience

23

Goals of which therapy

Modify maladaptive behaviors by reinforcing appropriate behaviors

Behavioral therapy

24

Selection criteria for which therapy

- Phobias
- Psychophysiological conditions

Behavioral therapy

25

Techniques of what therapy

- Systemic desensitization
- Implosion therapy & flooding
- Aversion therapy
- Biofeedback

Behavioral therapy

26

Goal of what therapy

Maintaining or recovering the best level of function for an individual

Supportive Psychotherapy

27

Selection criteria for which therapy

- High functioning patients in crisis
- Patients w/ serious and persistent mental illnesses
- Severe personality disorders
- Medically ill patients

Supportive Psychotherapy

28

Techniques of which therapy:

- Available, predictable therapist
- Therapist may act as guide or mentor
- Suggestion, reinforcement, teaching, reality testing, reassurance
- More active therapist

Supportive Psychotherapy

29

Transference and defenses interpreted in supportive psychotherapy?

Transference - lmtd

Defenses - adaptive defenses reinforced

30

Goal and theory of which therapy

Focus on interpersonal relationships

Group therapy

31

Selection criteria for which therapy

- Some require high functioning individuals with good self-observation
- Some are more supportive, focusing on positive reinforcement

Group Psychotherapy

32

What are the unconscious psychotherapies?

Psychoanalysis
Psychodynamic

Can include: Brief, Supportive, and Group as wel

33

What are the conscious psychotherapies?

Cognitive
Behavioral

Can include: Brief, Supportive, and Group as well