Flashcards in Sleep Disorders Deck (17):
What hormone is elevated during sleep?
What happens to energy and O2 during sleep? ATP?
Energy and O2 decrease, ATP increases
What are main functions of sleep?
Brain restoration, energy conservation, memory consolidation, immune function regulation
What are three states of sleep existence?
Wakefulness, non-REM sleep (NREM), REM sleep
Eyes closed and relaxed
eyes open and brain active, concentration, arousal
Neurotransmitters released in wakefulness
NE, dopamine, ACh, histamine, glutamate, Hypocretin/orexin
Lack of what neurotransmitter may lead to development of narcolepsy
very light sleep, dreaming sleep, REM sleep
suppress cortical arousal, aid in memory consolidation
slow wave sleep or deep sleep, dreamless sleep
Neurotransmitters during NREM
Serotonin, adenosine, GABA
T or F. REM is deep sleep.
FALSE - equivalent to stage 2 sleep
When does 80% of dreaming occur?
Two determinants of sleep
Homeostatic sleep drive, circadian rhythms
How long must insomnia happen to be diagnosable?
3x a week for 3 months, interferes w/ function, rule out medical disorder