Sleep Disorders Flashcards Preview

Term IV: Behavioral Science > Sleep Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Sleep Disorders Deck (17):
1

What hormone is elevated during sleep?

GH

2

What happens to energy and O2 during sleep? ATP?

Energy and O2 decrease, ATP increases

3

What are main functions of sleep?

Brain restoration, energy conservation, memory consolidation, immune function regulation

4

What are three states of sleep existence?

Wakefulness, non-REM sleep (NREM), REM sleep

5

Alpha waves

Eyes closed and relaxed

6

Beta waves

eyes open and brain active, concentration, arousal

7

Neurotransmitters released in wakefulness

NE, dopamine, ACh, histamine, glutamate, Hypocretin/orexin

8

Lack of what neurotransmitter may lead to development of narcolepsy

Hypocretin/orexin

9

Theta waves

very light sleep, dreaming sleep, REM sleep

10

K-complexes

suppress cortical arousal, aid in memory consolidation

11

Delta waves

slow wave sleep or deep sleep, dreamless sleep

12

Neurotransmitters during NREM

Serotonin, adenosine, GABA

13

T or F. REM is deep sleep.

FALSE - equivalent to stage 2 sleep

14

When does 80% of dreaming occur?

REM

15

Two determinants of sleep

Homeostatic sleep drive, circadian rhythms

16

How long must insomnia happen to be diagnosable?

3x a week for 3 months, interferes w/ function, rule out medical disorder

17

Willis Ekbom Diseases/Restless Leg Syndrome

Brain iron deficiency, CNS dopamine regulation, genetics