Developmental Milestones Flashcards Preview

Olivia MD3 2nd semester > Developmental Milestones > Flashcards

Flashcards in Developmental Milestones Deck (46):
1

What is the latest age that a child should be walking independently?

at 18 months

2

what are some key questions you should ask to assess a child's development in terms of the social domain?

Can they wave bye-bye, recognise parents?
What do they enjoy doing?
Do they undertake any imaginative play?
How do they interact with friends, siblings?
How do they approach/deal with strangers?
Are they toilet trained?
Any obsessional/repetitive behaviours?
Parallel play or social play with others?

3

what typical milestones are there for a 6, 9, 12 month old child in terms of language and communication?

6months- responds to name

9months- can usually say 'mama' and 'papa'

12months- understands simple commands and can say 2-3 words with meaning

4

tell me the archetypal story for a 18 month old. What milestones would we expect?

Sir Charming Baby: needs to get note to Rapunzel so scribbles note on paper to throw into high 4 block tower, catapult has cup on end, shoves note in with spoon, and throws note at tower, hitting Rapunzel in the face

18 months: Throw, scribble, 4 block tower, 1 step command, uses spoon/cup, points to parts of body

5

tell me the archetypal story for a 9month old. What milestones would we expect?

Watch Dog Baby: crawls to window, pulls to stand to see out, points at stranger in yard and says “mama” to get attention of parents.

9 months: Crawl, pull to stand, point, specific babbling (mama, dada), stranger anxiety

6

at what age would we expect a child to be dry by day?

2-3 yrs old

7

what are the general goals that a baby should achieve by 1 year?

gross motor- walking
language- one word with meaning
fine motor- neat pincer grip

8

what is an indicator of gross motor delay in a 6 month old?

persistent moro reflex
head lag

9

at what age would we expect a child to begin running?

24 months

10

How might we assess whether a 6, 9, 12 month old child has reached their developmental milestone in terms of gross motor function?

6months: Sitting with support

9months: Sitting without support; crawling

12 months: Walking with assistance (1 hand holding onto something); can go from lying to sitting position

12

tell me the archetypal story for a 4month old. What milestones would we expect?

Fat Happy Baby: baby is rolling and laughing and cooing because he just discovered midline and is reaching for cake that he will cram into his mouth

4 months: lift head 90 degrees/raise up to chest, roll over, find midline, reach for objects, puts objects in mouth, coos (these are vowel sounds), and laughs

13

why is a preference for a certain hand in a child less than 1 yrs old cause of concern?

may indicate an underlying motor issue or hemiplegia.

preference for handedness develops from 1-2 yrs or later

14

when should the infant begin to fix and follow with their eyes?

6 weeks

15

what are some causes of gross motor developmental delay? And what Ix do you order?

central motor deficit= cerebral palsy

myopathy e.g. duchenne's

spinal problem e.g. spina bifida

part of a wider syndrome

thyroid deficiency

FBE/UEC/TSH/B12/Folate
+/- Microarray/chromosomal analysis (if dysmorphic features)
+/- MRI brain

16

what are the general milestones from birth to 1 yr in terms of gross motor?

2 months- lift head to 45 degrees
4 months- roll over
6 months- sit
9 months- crawl
12 months- begin to walk with assistance

17

at what age should a child begin to use a spoon to feed themselves safely?

18 months

18

what are some characteristics of chronic heart failure in an infant?

flushed in the face with feeds
failure to thrive
poor feeding
sweating with feeding

19

When should a child be able to stack 2 cubes

15 months

20

what are some key questions you should ask to assess a child's development in terms of the language domain?

What was their first word, and when was it?

How many words do they know?

Do they indicate their hand preference?

Are they able to follow any instructions?
-Differentiate between one step commands and 2 step commands

Do they know the alphabet?

21

tell me the archetypal story for a 5 year old. What milestones would we expect?

Oz Baby: ties ruby shoes, skips down Yellow Brick Road back to Kansas

5 years: Skip, Tie shoes, Difference between reality/fantasy

22

if a child still cannot walk independently by 18 months, what might be the cause?

normal variant delay (especially if child doesn't crawl but commando creeps/bottom shuffles)

cerebral palsy
primary muscular disorder
global developmental delay

23

at what age should we expect a child to begin imaginative play?

18 months - 24 months

24

at what age should a child perform a 'neat pincer grip'?

10-12 months

25

When should a child be able to stack 8 cubes?

2 and a half yrs

26

at 12 months- how many words should a child know/understand?

2-3 words with meaning

27

When should a child be able to stack 4 cubes

18 months

28

what is the average birth weight for a newborn?

approx 3.5kg

29

tell me the archetypal story for a 2month old. What milestones would we expect?

Parent’s Little Baby: looks up to sound, smiles because he sees both his parents, one on either side of midline


2 months: lift head 45 degrees (when laying on face), turns to sound, follows objects past midline, social smile

31

tell me the archetypal story for a 6month old. What milestones would we expect?

Street-Corner Baby: sitting up on sidewalk, transferring a rake from hand to hand while babbling at people he thinks he recognizes

6 months: sit up with no head lag, raking grasp, transfer objects between hands, babbles (consonants), recognizes familiar faces

32

at what age should we expect a child to have fluent speech and articulation?

4-5 yrs old

33

tell me the archetypal story for a 4 year old. What milestones would we expect?

Bedtime Story Baby: really wants story time, so runs up stairs, hops on one foot to undress, so she and mom can read a story together. A Wrinkle in Time.

4 years: Stairs (alternating feet), hop, undresses, 1 foot (4 seconds), 4 word phrases (complete sentences), cooperative play

34

what are some key questions you should ask to assess a child's development in terms of the gross motor domain?

When did they start crawling?
When did they start walking?
Can they walk backwards?
When did they start running?
Are they able to climb stairs?

35

When should a child be able to stack 6 cubes

24 months

36

what are some normal newborn behavioural characteristics?

Wake regularly for feeds
Suck strongly on the breast
Rousable to normal activity
Normal sounding cry
Flexed posture with some tone

37

what is the language capability of a child at 2 yrs?

at least 50 words

simple 3 word phrases

39

at what age should a child begin to physically point their finger or follow with attention?

12 months. if they can't, then it indicates developmental delay

40

tell me the archetypal story for a 12 month old. What milestones would we expect?

Playful Zombie Baby: walking at you, snapping pincers, repeating one word over and over (brrraaaaains), and just wants to play patacake and peekaboo before waving bye bye.

12 months: Walk, pincer grasp, 1 word, patacake, bye bye, peekaboo

40

tell me the archetypal story for a 3 year old. What milestones would we expect?

James Bond Baby: springs into action . . . jumps into 3-piece suit, stands in front of mirror and says full name, jumps on tricycle. “You.Me. I,” is his pickup line.

3 years: Jump, Tricycle, dresses self (shirt, pants, shoes), full name, “you, me, I”

41

in what order do we see the 4 domains of development begin to emerge in a growing infant?

gross motor --> fine motor + vision--> hearing + language/speech --> social behaviour

42

what must you order for a child who first presents with difficulties reaching milestones for language and communication?

audiometry test

43

tell me the archetypal story for a 15 month old. What milestones would we expect?

Little Sister Baby: wants to be just like big sister, walks confidently to the blocks and imitates making a 2 block tower

15 months: walks well, imitates, controlled release of blocks (can stack 2)

43

at what age should object permanence be achieved? what does object permanence mean?

object permanence refers to the understanding that objects exist even when they cannot be observed.

object permanence should be achieved by 12 months

43

what does protoimperative and protodeclarative mean in terms of a child's development, and when should it occur by?

Proto-imperative- indicates needs and wants with pointing

Proto-declarative- points and shares interest with somebody else

--> should be able to see this by 18 months

44

tell me the archetypal story for a 2 year old. What milestones would we expect?

Bad Twins: mom gives two commands to twin boys to run to the stairs, then walk up the 25 stairs. Each walks up the 25 stairs not helping the other.

2 years: Run, stairs (1 foot at a time), 20-50 words, 2 step command, parallel play

45

When should a child be able to imitate a vertical line?

Around 3 yrs

46

When should a child begin to draw a person in 3 parts?

Around 4 yrs