paediatric dermatology Flashcards Preview

Olivia MD3 2nd semester > paediatric dermatology > Flashcards

Flashcards in paediatric dermatology Deck (12):
1

how might you avoid nappy rash?

frequent nappy changes
disposable nappies
nappy-free time for the baby
zinc cream
use bath oil for gentle cleansing

2

what is the natural history of congenital haemangioma?

may or may not be present at birth
usually proliferates for the first 9 months then stabilises and finally involutes

3

What are the typical causation pathogens for impetigo

Staph aureus and strep pyogenes

4

What are some forms of red blanching rashes

Roseola infection
Kawasaki disease
erythema infectiosum
fever and exanthem

5

What are some differential diagnoses for papular raised rashes

Scabies, urticaria, molluscum, warts

6

What is eczema herpeticum?

HSV infection in with eczema

7

how might we manage itchiness at night in children with eczema?

wet dressings nocte

8

how do we treat impetigo?

uncomplicated impetigo- wash crusts off and use topical mupirocin

spreading impetigo- flucloxacillin/cephalexin

keep away from school as it is contagious

9

in which age group do we see staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome?

neonates/infants

10

describe the skin findings of a child with scarlet fever?

diffuse erythematous exanthem- confluent

often described to have the texture of 'sandpaper'

later associated with desquamation and exfoliation

11

describe the skin manifestations of toxic shock syndrome

diffuse erythematous rash associated with oedema +/- maculopapular rash

skin is extremely tender/painful

1-2 weeks post acute presentation get desquamation

12

describe the skin findings of a child with SSSS?

erythema on neck and face gradually spreads to become a diffuse erythematous rash which is painful/tender.

generally found in flexure distribution i.e. axilla, neck, groin, elbows

the rash becomes fluid bullae and begins to desquamate/exfoliate leaving a 'scalded' skin appearance

usually flexures desquamate first