Paediatric medications Flashcards Preview

Olivia MD3 2nd semester > Paediatric medications > Flashcards

Flashcards in Paediatric medications Deck (20):
1

what medication do you commonly see used for children with heart failure?

captopril

2

what antibiotics do we prescribe for a child septicaemia with normal CSF?

flucloxacillin
gentamicin

3

what antis do we prescribe for a child septicaemia with UNKNOWN CSF?

flucloxacillin
cefotaxime

4

what antibiotics do we prescribe for a less than 2 month old child suspected or proven meningitis?

cefotaxime + benzylpenicillin

5

what antibiotics do we prescribe for a greater than 2 month old child suspected or proven meningitis?

ceftriaxone + dexamethasone

6

what antibiotics do we prescribe for contacts to a patient with meningococcal infection?

rifampicin

7

what antibiotics do we prescribe for a sick child with acute pyelonephritis?

gentamicin
benzylpenicillin

8

what antibiotics do we prescribe for a not unwell child with a UTI?

bactrim

9

what antibiotics do we prescribe for AOM in a child?

Consider no antibiotics for 48 hrs (especially if older than 2y old) or

Amoxycillin 15 mg/kg (500 mg) po 8H

10

what antibiotics do we prescribe for severe pneumonia in a child?

Flucloxacillin 50 mg/kg (2 g) iv 4H and

Gent 7.5 (6 if older than 10y) mg/kg (360 mg) iv daily and

Azithromycin 15 mg/kg (500 mg) iv stat then 5mg/kg iv daily If considering Mycoplasma

11

what antibiotics do we prescribe for OM or septic arthritis in a child?

Flucloxacillin 50 mg/kg (2 g) iv 4-6H

add Cefotaxime 50 mg/kg (2 g) iv 6-8H IF child is less than 5yrs or not Hib immunised

12

what drug do they use for ADHD?

ritalin- a type of stimulant, is first line

13

what is the commonest side effect of anti-cholinergics in children?

constipation, so often may need concurrent use of laxatives

14

what is the risk of using aspirin in children?

Reye's syndrome

15

what drug is elocon?

mometasone fuorate

16

what is pulmozyme?

A synthetic mucolytic known as dornase alfa.

Essentially is a DNA-ase which cleaves the DNA of WCC in lungs to decrease mucous viscosity and volume

17

why is inhaled hypertonic saline used in CF?

usually CF patients are salt deficient anyway, so using a higher concentration of salt is good for them.

hypertonic saline works as a mucolytic agent, enabling the CF patient to expectorate sputum better especially after chest physio

18

what are the key side effects of intranasal fentanyl in children?

hypotension
N+V
respiratory depression

19

what is parachoc?

paraffin oil stool softener for constipation

20

WHY DO WE GIVE DEXAMETHASONE/STEROIDS FOR CHILDREN WITH SUSPECTED/PROVEN MENINGITIS

reduces risk of bacterial meningitis associated hearing loss