Paediatric oncology and haematology Flashcards Preview

Olivia MD3 2nd semester > Paediatric oncology and haematology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Paediatric oncology and haematology Deck (10):
1

what is the most common type of cancer in children?

leukaemia

2

in what age group do we normally see wilm's tumours and neuroblastomas?

children aged less than 6 yrs

3

what is a good tumour marker of neuroblastomas?

urinary catecholamine excretion

4

commonest leukaemia in children?

ALL

5

what type of paediatric brain tumour is not particularly malignant but grows slowly?

craniopharyngioma

6

apart from an abdominal mass, what are some other clinical features which may make you think of neuroblastoma in a 5 yr old child?

limp
bone pain
hepatosplenomegaly
pallor
loss of weight and poor appetite
(signs of metastatic disease) :(

7

what are some uncommon clinical features of a wilm's tumour? (the common feature being abdominal mass)

Think AAAHH!

Anaemia
Abdominal pain
Anorexia
Haematuria
Hypertension

8

what is the most common presentation of rhabdomyosarcoma in a child?

head and neck features like proptosis, nasal obstruction, bloodstained nasal discharge

9

what are some long term consequences of having cancer as a child?

stunted growth
infertility
educational delay
brain surgery--> neuropsychological deficits
future malignancy from radiation
chronic ill health

10

a child presents with generalised petechiae. What are your ddx?

HSP
Leukaemia
ITP
Sepsis
trauma
DIC