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Flashcards in Diagnostic Tests Deck (13)
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1

The Skin

• Biopsy
• Skin scrapings for fungal culture
• Tissue Culture
• Microbiology Cultures

2

The Skeletal system

• Serum calcium levels
• Serum phosphate levels
• Serum alkaline phosphatase(ALP)
• Bone marrow examination
• Microbial analysis
• Synovial fluid analysis

3

The Muscular System

• Serum Myoglobin
• Serum & Urine creatine
• Muscle enzyme CK
• LDH
• Muscle biopsy-culture and microscopic examination
• Electromyography (EMG)- abnormal electrical pattern produced by diseased muscles

4

The Endocrine System

• Thyroid Function
• TSH,T3, T4
• Thyroid scan
• Pancreatic Disorder
• Hgb A1C
• Glucose /Insulin levels
• Urine
• Glucagon
• Stomatostatin
• Blood Cells
• Erythropoietin and renin
• Adrenal Disorder
• Calcitonin
• Cotrtisol
• DHEAS- cancer test
• Aldosterone

5

Pituitary Disorder

• ACTH
• TSH
• LH
• FSH
• GH

6

Gonads Disorder

• Female
• Estrogen
• Progesterone
• Male
• Testosterone
• Pineal Disorder
• Melatonin

7

Blood

• Complete blood count (CBC)& Differential
• Platelet count
• Prothrombin time (PT/INR) & Partial Thromboplastin time (PTT)
• Iron and Total iron binding capacity studies
• Vit B12
• ABO (blood group) and Rh factor
• Blood group antibody test
• Reticulocyte count
• RBC Electrophoresis
• Blood test for various cancer
• Various Chemistries and Microbiology tests

8

The Respiratory System

• Arterial blood gas (ABG)
• Lung biopsies-Cancer
• Throat swab
• Bronchial washings - C&S/ fungi, TB, bacteria
• Sputum- C&S/ fungi, TB, bacteria
• Pleural fluid- microscopic and microbiology examination

9

The Digestive System

• Amylase
• Bilirubin
• Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)
• Carotene
• Cholesterol/Triglycerides
• CBC
• Glucose
• Lipase
• Occult blood
• Ova and Parasite
• Hgb A1C

10

The Renal System- Kidney Function Tests

• Urea (BUN)
• Serum Creatinine
• Creatinine Clearance- blood and urine-24 hr
• Routine Urinalysis and C&S
• Serum Calcium and Phosphate
• Electrolytes –Na, K, Cl
• Urine 24hr protein
• Serum Urate (uric acid)
• Albumin
• Ammonia
• Osmolality

11

The Reproductive System

• Male and Female Hormone Therapy :Testosterone, FSH, Estrogen, Progesterone, Lutinizing hormone (LH), Estradiol,HCG
• Semen Analysis
• Biopsy-Cervices or prostrate
• Pap Smear-detect abnormal cells in the cervix
• Viral studies

12

The Nervous System

• CSF
• Cholinesterase
• Drug levels
• Acetylcholine

13

The Cardio vascular System

• CK
• LD
• AST (SGOT)
• CK isoenzyme
• LD isoenzyme
• Cholesterol
• Trig
• HDL cholesterol
• LDL/HDL cholesterol
• Lipoprotein phenotype
• PT/PTT
• INR
• ECG/Holter Monitor
• Stress test