Disaster Response, PPE Flashcards Preview

REHS Study > Disaster Response, PPE > Flashcards

Flashcards in Disaster Response, PPE Deck (32):
1

use of PPE is required by ____________

OSHA

2

PPE should be reviewed how often?

annually

3

What are the 4 levels of PPE

A - highest - SCBA fully encapsulated "space suit" double gloves, two-way communication - extremely haz and unks

B - SCBA, chemical resistant suits, dual protection gloves, boot covers - poor ventilation/low ox environmental

C - APR, tyvek suits, dual protection gloves, boots, escape mask - working w/ airborne contaminants, no splash protection

D - chemical resistant coverall, gloves, steel toed boots, safety glasses, hard hat, N95 - low level contaminants

4

The last item removed when taking of PPE is what?

gloves

5

What is an APR and the 3 types

air purifying respirators

particulate filters
cartiridges/cannisters w/ sorbents
combo devices

6

What is a SAR

supplied air respirators

air, never oxygen is supplied to face through a supply line.

pressure demand SARS are the best of the SARs

7

What is SCBA

self contained breathing apparatus

compressed air, oxygen, or oxygen generating chemical

positive pressure SCBAs are the best for IDLH situations

8

What is a PAPR

powered air purifying respirators - continuous flow respirators

9

negative pressure respirators

draws air in based on inhalation negative pressure. not good if the mask begins to leak

10

chemical protective clothing shall accomplish protect against three items

permeation - chemical dissolves or moves through protective barrier

degradation - loss or change of fabric's properties

penetration - chemicals move through zippers, seams, or imperfections of barrier

11

what are staging areas

areas to channel person, provide supplied, etc during an incident

12

What is the incident commander in charge of

overall command of the incident

public information
liaison
safety

13

what are the two types of command

single and unified (more than one agency)

14

What are the four sections of ICS

operations - implement the action plan
planning - develop the action plan, documentation, status, demobilization
logistics - food/medical, communications, transportation
finance
finance - costs

15

how do you disinfect water in emergencies

for 5 gallons or less - boil vigorously for 3-5 minutes

with household bleach then let sit 30 minutes
(clear to cloudy water)
1 qt - 2-4 drops
1 gal 8-16 drops
5 gal 1/2-1 tsp

16

how to disinfect a well

for unknown well depth - 1 gallon of household bleach, let stand for 30 minutes, pump water off and on to mix, open taps furthers from water system and test residual, if at 50 ppm, let water stand for 24 hours then run under no chlorine odor

17

what are some areas that an REHS will oversee during a disaster

water supply - provide info on disinfecting, salvaging water
food supply - oversee mass feeding centers, provide guidelines for damaged foods
liquid waste handling
emergency shelters - make sure they are sanitary

18

emergency shelter requirements

toilets
space
solid waste
health supervision
hand wash
shower
tents

toilets - 1 per 20 people min
30 sq ft per person
beds head to toe and 3 feet apart
light source
30 gal bin w/ lid for trash per 10 people
full time nurse on site
1 hand wash per 15 people
1 shower per 15 people
tents - 16ft by 16ft with 6-8 per tent, tents 10 feet apart

19

the speed and effectiveness with which emergency action can be taken is dependent primarily on the

size of emergency
probable number of victims
prior planning
level of agency responding

prior planning

20

evacuation and survival of individuals in an emergency or natural disaster is most often dependent on the extent to which

individuals can help themselves

how soon relief can be mustered

how soon a favorable environment can be restored

quality prior planning has taken place

individuals can help themselves

21

the government organization that usually deals with major disasters is the

American legion
FEMA
red cross
disaster response agency

FEMA

22

one of the first actions an individual should take upon hearing an order for evacuation of homes and businesses is turn off the

main electric power switch
outside gas valve
property water supply valve
public utility services to the building

public utility services to the building

23

when temporary shelter is necessary in an emergency the first consideration in shelter selection should be

protection of survivors from health and safety risks

availability of heat, light, and space

the emotional state of the survivors

color of chlorination tablets

protection of survivors from health and safety risks

24

the minimum amount of water per day that should be provided for a natural disaster victim is

3-5 gallons per person

25

after flooding and other natural disasters, vaccination is needed for

typhoid
measles
aids
vaccinations not required

not required

26

the quantity of liquid bleach used to treat 1,000 gallons of bacterially contaminated water for dinking is

1 pint

27

a satisfactory method for disinfecting water that is not chemically or grossly polluted with bacteria is

chlorination
fluorination
oxygenation
CO2 treatment

chlorination

28

in emergency situations, when the water is turbid or colored, but not chemically contaminated, the chlorine dose should be

tripled
discontinued
decreased
doubled

doubled

29

approved emergency response plans at nuclear electric power plant sites must be tested at least every

2 years
3 years
4 years
5 years

2 years

30

key components of the HAZWOPER program exclude

safety and health programs
personal protection
training
sanitary requirements

sanitary requirements

31

HAZWOPER requirements apply to

voluntary cleanup at uncontrolled hazardous waste sites

routine sanitary sewer operators

SQGs

water treatment plant operators

voluntary cleanup at uncontrolled hazardous waste sites

32

the difference between a disaster and terrorism is best described as

intent
criminal activity
nature of disaster
number impacted

intent