Flashcards in Medical Waste Deck (21):
CMWMA stands for and was enacted in ___
California medical waste management act enacted in 1990
what is biohazard level 1
minimum risk level. e.g. e-coli, chicken pox
use gloves and facial protection, wash hands, use disinfectants etc.
give e.g. of infected specimens that would be a biohazard level 2
hep b, hep c, influenza, lymes disease, WNV, salmonella
give e.g. of biohazard level 3 organisms
anthrax, BSE, HIV, mumps, SARS, smallpox, tb, typhus, yellow fever
what kind of organisms/virus would warrant a biohazard level 4
bolivian fever, dengue fever, ebola, hanta virus, lassa virus and other hemorrhagic diseases mostly of African descent.
requires space suit and self contained oxygen
Name some items that are NOT medical waste
hw, radioactive waste, house hold waste
waste from a veterinarian or farm or ranch from regular practices
paper towels or gloves as long with non-fluid blood
microbiological cultures used for food processing
a large quantity medical waste generator generates more than ____ lbs per month
200 lbs per month
Unless a bag is used, medical waste containers must be decontaminated how?
hot water for 15 seconds at 180F
sanitizer 500 ppm chlorine, 100 ppm iodine, 400 ppm QUAT, 500 ppm phenol
can trash chutes be used for medical waste?
when can compacters and grinders be used for medical waste?
only after treatment as occurred
What is a common storage facility
any designated accumulation area of medical waste to be collected by a registered hauler
biohazard waste shall be contained in what?
a red biohazard bag.
must say biohazardous waste or
have the biohazard symbol and the word biohazard on the lid and sides
how long can biohazardous waste be stored
no more than 7 days without written approval
no more than 90 days below 32F without approval
how must sharps waste containers be labeled
sharps waste or..
biohazard symbol and the word biohazard
enclosed or designated accumulation areas shall be identified and secured how?
may be secured with locks or doors/gates
warning sign in English and Spanish "biohazardous waste storage area unauthorized person keep out"
warning sign must be legible from 25 feet away
what is a limited quantity hauling exemption
a person can transport less than 20 lbs at a time to a transfer station or treatment facility
what are the methods of medical waste treatment
steam sterilization in an autoclave
how is medical waste autoclaved
121C (250F) for 30 mins
heat tape is used
thermometers checked annually
what is the biological indicator for spore testing
spore test records shall be maintained for how long?