DPT 622: Human Imaging in PT Practice I Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in DPT 622: Human Imaging in PT Practice I Deck (57)
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1

Please match the following cervical spine x-ray views with the most likely visible anatomy.

Oblique: _______

APOM: _______

APLC: _______

Lateral: _______

  • Lateral mass of C1
  • Atlantodental interval
  • Intervertebral foramina
  • Tracheal shadow

Oblique: Intervertebral foramina

APOM: Lateral mass of C1

APLC: Tracheal shadow

Lateral: Atlantodental interval

2

True or False

Spina bifida occulta of the atlas is suggested by an incompletely ossified anteriorarch visible on plain film.

False

3

The upper limit of the atlantodental interval (AID) is ___ mm in adults.

a.  1

b.  2

c.  3

d.  4

e.  5

 

C

4

Label structures 1-8

1. Anterior arch of atlas

2. Dens

3. Body of axis

4. Posterior arch of atlas

5. Pedicle

6. Lamina

7. Spinous process

8. Articular Facets

5

True or False

After performing you ABCs scan of the following film, the provided view does not demonstrate any evidence of pathology.

 

False

6

True or False

After performing you ABCs scan of the following film, the provided view does not demonstrate any evidence of pathology.

 

False

7

Label A-H


 

A. wing of ilium

 

B. acetabulum and hip joint

C. greater trochanter

D. femoral neck

E. lesser trochanter

F. Ischium

G. superior ramus-pubis bone

H. inferior ramus of the pubis bone

8

True or False


 

A torn ACL of the knee may be associated with a “popping” sensation.

 

 

True

9


 

What is the correct name of the landmark depicted in the provided image?


 

a.  Shenton’s line

 

b.  Center edge angle

c. Iliopubic line

d. Ischiopubic line

 

 

A

10


 


 

Repetitive applications of compressive, rotational, or tensile forces to normal bone may lead to which of the following?


 

a.  Unstable fracture

 

b.  Stress fracture

c.  Insufficiency fracture

d.  Impacted fracture

 

B

11

True or False


 

The following image appears normally with no evidence of pathology.

False

12

True or False


 

The following image appears normal with no evidence of pathology.

 

 

False

13


 

The signs and symptoms of ulnar entrapment include:


 

a.  Lack of sensitivity to cold temperature

 

b.  Pain relief with repetitive use of hand

c.  Numbness in 1st and 2nd digits of hand

d.  Loss of strength in intrinsic muscles of hand

e.  All of the above

 

 

D

14



 

Which of the following is not a contraindication to MRI?



 

a.  Cardiac pacemakers

 

b.  Harrington rods (titanium)

c.  Brain aneurysm clips

d.  Shrapnel

e.  All of the above

 

 

B

15

GH Dislocation

16



 

Which of the following examinations most likely delivers the highest radiation dos?

a.  CT

b.  MRI

c.  Radionucleide Imaging

d.  X-ray

A

17


 

Which of the following does not exhibit high signal intensity on T1-weighted MRI images?

a.  Bone

b.  Proteinaceous material

c.  Subactue hemorrhage

 

d.  Muscle

 

 

D

18


 

The letter “V” in the diagnostic mnemonic “vindicate” delineates

a.  Venous

b.  Vaccine

c.  Vascular

d.  Viral

e.  None of the above

C

19


 

In the radionucleotide imaging of bone, a “hot spot” refers to the following:


 

a.  Osteoclastic activity

 b. Bone destruction
 

c.  Necrosis

d.  Osteoblastic activity

 e.  Ischemia 

 

 

D

20


 

Which of the following imaging modalities employs the “Hounsfield” unit?


 

a.  Radionuclide scintigraphy

 

b.  Bone scan

c.  CT

d.  X-ray

e.  None of the above

 

 

 

C

21


 

With attention to sensitivity, radiation exposure, and cost, which of the following procedures would be the best choice to initially image the gallbladder for suspected gallstones?

a.  X-ray

b.  CT

c.  Ultrasound

d.  Fluoroscopy

e.  MRI

 

 

C

22

Label 1, 2, 3, 4, and 8

Axially border of scapula: 8

Greater tubercle: 3

Lesser tubercle: 4

Acromion: 2

Clavicle: 1

23


 

What is a critical feature of MRI technology?


 

a.  Body density

 

b.  Compton’s effect

c.  X-radiation

d.  Hydrogen protons

e.  Gamma radiation

 

 

D

24


 

Which examination would be least likely to display a disc lesion?


a.  CT

b.  MRI

c.  Myelography

d.  Plain film radiography

 

 

 

D

25


 

Which of the following diagnostic imaging procedures would be the most appropriate for the evaluation of a space-occupying lesion within the spinal canal?

a.  MRI

b.  Ultrasound

c.  X-ray

d.  Scintigraphy

A

26

AC seperation

27


 

Which imaging procedure would provide the most anatomical detail of the osseous anatomy of the lumbar spine?


 

a.  Plain film radiography

 

b.  Radionuclide bone scan

c.  MRI

d.  CT

 

D

28


 

When comparing CT to controversial radiography, CT imaging is associated with _______ radiation does and _______ cost relative to conventional radiography.


 

a.  Lower, lower

 

b.  Higher, lower

c.  Lower, higher

d.  Higher, higher

 

D

29

True or False


 

MRI uses ionizing radiation to produce an imagine

 

 

False

30


 

With the exception of monitoring scoliosis, the minimum number of exposures required for diagnostic interpretation is ___ exposures taken at ______ to one another.


 

a.  Four, 90⁰

 

b.  Two, 180⁰

c.  Two, 90⁰

d.  Three, 90⁰

 

C