Flashcards in DPT 620: Clinical Human Anatomy Deck (171)
Loss of patellar reflex and loss of cutaneous sensation on the anteromedial side of the leg indicate damage to this spinal nerve:
Which statement concerning the great saphenous vein is false?
a. When it is removed and inserted as a coronary bypass, it is reversed, so that the cusps do not obstruct blood flow.
b. It is located about ten cm. (a handbreadth) posterior to the medial border of the patella.
c. It passes anterior to the medial malleolus.
d. It perforates the femoral sheath
e. It is accompanied by the sural nerve in the leg.
The deep fascia of the thigh:
a. is thickened on its medial side to form the iliotibial tract
b. has an oval opening which transmits the small saphenous vein
c. is attached to the whole length of the inguinal ligament
d. is designated the cribriform fascia
e. lies superficial to the superficial inguinal lymph nodes
Structures passing through the adductor hiatus include:
a. saphenous nerve
b. profunda femoral artery
Skin on the most dorsal part of the foot is supplied by the:
a. sural nerve
b. first sacral nerve
The muscle which can both flex the hip and extend the knee is:
b. rectus femoris
d. biceps femoris
e. vastus lateralis
The actions of the gracilis muscle include _______ of the thigh at the hip and _______ of the leg at the knee.
a. lateral rotation, lateral rotation
b. medial rotation, extension
c. abduction, flexion
d. flexion, extension
e. adduction, flexion
Which muscle is able to produce flexion at the knee joint more efficiently if the hip joint is in flexion at the same time?
b. rectus femoris
c. hamstring part of adductor magnus
e. short head of biceps femoris
Difficulty extending the knee can result from damage to the ________.
a. femoral nerve
b. inferior gluteal nerve
c. common peroneal nerve
d. superior gluteal nerve
e. tibial nerve
Muscles in the posterior thigh compartment are paralyzed because the sciatic nerve has been severed. Nevertheless the patient can still produce some flexion of the leg at the knee due to action of the:
a. sartorius m.
b. semitendinosus m.
c. both A and B
d. short head of biceps femoris
The muscle that is not a medial rotator of the leg is the:
c. biceps femoris
After an obturator nerve injury, some adduction of the thigh is still possible because of double innervation to the:
a. gracilis m.
b. adductor magnus m.
c. sartorius m.
d. adductor longus m.
e. adductor brevis m.
After passing through the obturator canal, divisions of the obturator nerve (an anterior branch and a posterior branch) pass on either side of the:
a. pectineus m.
b. adductor brevis m.
c. gracilis m.
d. adductor magnus m.
e. adductor longus m.
Injury to the tibial nerve in the popliteal fossa might result in:
a. loss of eversion
b. (diminished sensation) on dorsal surface of foot
c. inability to stand on one's toes
d. drop foot
e. loss of sensation between the great and second toe
The fibular artery:
a. supplies the muscles of the anterior compartment of the leg
b. passes anterior to the interosseous membrane
c. usually becomes the dorsalis pedis
d. courses through the deep posterior compartment of the leg
e. none of the above
A tight plaster cast that exerted pressure on the head and neck of the fibula might result in loss of:
a. eversion of the foot
b. foot drop
When the muscles of the anterior compartment of the leg swell from some kind of overuse:
a. the deep fibular nerve may be injured
b. there is loss of sensation in the web space between the great and second toes
The medial and lateral plantar neurovascular structures enter the foot deep to the:
a. inferior peroneal retinaculum
b. abductor digiti minimi m.
c. abductor hallucis m.
d. quadratus plantae m.
e. sustentaculum tali
The medial plantar nerve innervates:
a. abductor hallucis m.
b. abductor digiti minimi m.
c. adductor hallucis m.
d. 2-4 lumbrical muscles
The deep plantar arch:
a. is formed primarily from the lateral plantar artery
b. passes between the first and second muscular layers of the foot
The arcuate artery
a. is a branch of the medial plantar artery
b. courses deep to extensor digitorum brevis
The lateral plantar nerve:
a. courses between quadratus plantae and flexor digitorum brevis muscles
b. supplies quadratus plantae m.
The two bellies of flexor hallucis brevis muscle:
a. have insertions that contain sesmoid bones
b. attach to the base of the distal phalanx of the great toe
c. pass on either side of the tendon of extensor hallucis longus
d. are innervated by the lateral plantar nerve
e. all of the above
The tendon of peroneus longus:
a. attaches to the navicular bone
b. courses between quadratus plantae and flexor digitorum brevis muscles
Which statement is false concerning the hip joint?
a. it is a ball and socket joint
b. the entire acetabulum articulates with the femoral head
c. the acetabulum is deepened by the acetabular labrum
d. the ligamentum teres is attached to the fovea on the femoral head
e. the iliofemoral ligament attaches to the intertrochanteric line
Which statement concerning the hip joint is false?
a. The transverse acetabular ligament bridges the acetabular notch
b. The proximal attachment of the iliofemoral ligament is to the ASIS
c. The acetabulum is formed by the ilium, ischium, and pubis
d. The iliofemoral ligament prevents hyperextension of the hip joint
e. Fractures of the femoral neck, rather than the femoral shaft, usually sever arteries supplying the femoral head
The fibular collateral ligament is:
a. tested by the application of valgus stress, rather than varus stress, to the leg.
b. located superficial to the tendon of popliteus
c. attached to the lateral meniscus
d. located superficial to the biceps femoris tendon
e. located deep to the iliotibial tract
The _______ ligament of the knee joint attaches to the _______.
a. lateral collateral ____shaft of fibula, deep to pes anserinus
b. patellar_____anterior intercondylar area of the tibia
c. posterior cruciate______posterior surface of tibia, just above soleal line
d. tibial collateral_______periphery of medial meniscus
e. anterior cruciate______anterior intercondylar area, just anterior to the anterior horn of the medial meniscus
True statements concerning the anterior cruciate ligament include:
a. its attachment to the tibial plateau (top of tibia) is anterior to the attachment of the anterior horn of the medial meniscus
b. it prevents posterior displacement of the femur on the tibia