DPT 620: Clinical Human Anatomy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in DPT 620: Clinical Human Anatomy Deck (171)
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Loss of patellar reflex and loss of cutaneous sensation on the anteromedial side of the leg indicate damage to this spinal nerve:

a. L2
b. L4
c. L5
d. S2
e. S4



Which statement concerning the great saphenous vein is false?

a. When it is removed and inserted as a coronary bypass, it is reversed, so that the cusps do not obstruct blood flow.
b. It is located about ten cm. (a handbreadth) posterior to the medial border of the patella.
c. It passes anterior to the medial malleolus.
d. It perforates the femoral sheath
e. It is accompanied by the sural nerve in the leg.



The deep fascia of the thigh:

a. is thickened on its medial side to form the iliotibial tract
b. has an oval opening which transmits the small saphenous vein
c. is attached to the whole length of the inguinal ligament
d. is designated the cribriform fascia
e. lies superficial to the superficial inguinal lymph nodes



Structures passing through the adductor hiatus include:

a. saphenous nerve
b. profunda femoral artery
c. both
d. neither



Skin on the most dorsal part of the foot is supplied by the:

a. sural nerve
b. first sacral nerve
c. both
d. neither



The muscle which can both flex the hip and extend the knee is:

a. sartorius
b. rectus femoris
c. semimembranosus
d. biceps femoris
e. vastus lateralis



The actions of the gracilis muscle include _______ of the thigh at the hip and _______ of the leg at the knee.

a. lateral rotation, lateral rotation
b. medial rotation, extension
c. abduction, flexion
d. flexion, extension
e. adduction, flexion



Which muscle is able to produce flexion at the knee joint more efficiently if the hip joint is in flexion at the same time?

a. semimembranosus
b. rectus femoris
c. hamstring part of adductor magnus
d. sartorius
e. short head of biceps femoris



Difficulty extending the knee can result from damage to the ________.

a. femoral nerve
b. inferior gluteal nerve
c. common peroneal nerve
d. superior gluteal nerve
e. tibial nerve



Muscles in the posterior thigh compartment are paralyzed because the sciatic nerve has been severed. Nevertheless the patient can still produce some flexion of the leg at the knee due to action of the:

a. sartorius m.
b. semitendinosus m.
c. both A and B
d. short head of biceps femoris
e. gastrocnemius



The muscle that is not a medial rotator of the leg is the:

a. semimembranosus
b. semitendinosus
c. biceps femoris
d. gracilis
e. popliteus



After an obturator nerve injury, some adduction of the thigh is still possible because of double innervation to the:
a. gracilis m.

b. adductor magnus m.
c. sartorius m.
d. adductor longus m.
e. adductor brevis m.



After passing through the obturator canal, divisions of the obturator nerve (an anterior branch and a posterior branch) pass on either side of the:

a. pectineus m.
b. adductor brevis m.
c. gracilis m.
d. adductor magnus m.
e. adductor longus m.



Injury to the tibial nerve in the popliteal fossa might result in:

a. loss of eversion
b. (diminished sensation) on dorsal surface of foot
c. inability to stand on one's toes
d. drop foot
e. loss of sensation between the great and second toe



The fibular artery:

a. supplies the muscles of the anterior compartment of the leg
b. passes anterior to the interosseous membrane
c. usually becomes the dorsalis pedis
d. courses through the deep posterior compartment of the leg
e. none of the above



A tight plaster cast that exerted pressure on the head and neck of the fibula might result in loss of:

a. eversion of the foot
b. foot drop
c. both
d. neither



When the muscles of the anterior compartment of the leg swell from some kind of overuse:

a. the deep fibular nerve may be injured
b. there is loss of sensation in the web space between the great and second toes
c. both
d. neither



The medial and lateral plantar neurovascular structures enter the foot deep to the:

a. inferior peroneal retinaculum
b. abductor digiti minimi m.
c. abductor hallucis m.
d. quadratus plantae m.
e. sustentaculum tali



The medial plantar nerve innervates:

a. abductor hallucis m.
b. abductor digiti minimi m.
c. adductor hallucis m.
d. 2-4 lumbrical muscles



The deep plantar arch:

a. is formed primarily from the lateral plantar artery
b. passes between the first and second muscular layers of the foot
c. both
d. neither



The arcuate artery

a. is a branch of the medial plantar artery
b. courses deep to extensor digitorum brevis
c. both
d. neither



The lateral plantar nerve:

a. courses between quadratus plantae and flexor digitorum brevis muscles
b. supplies quadratus plantae m.
c. both
d. neither



The two bellies of flexor hallucis brevis muscle:

a. have insertions that contain sesmoid bones
b. attach to the base of the distal phalanx of the great toe
c. pass on either side of the tendon of extensor hallucis longus
d. are innervated by the lateral plantar nerve
e. all of the above



The tendon of peroneus longus:

a. attaches to the navicular bone
b. courses between quadratus plantae and flexor digitorum brevis muscles
c. both
d. neither



Which statement is false concerning the hip joint?

a. it is a ball and socket joint
b. the entire acetabulum articulates with the femoral head
c. the acetabulum is deepened by the acetabular labrum
d. the ligamentum teres is attached to the fovea on the femoral head
e. the iliofemoral ligament attaches to the intertrochanteric line



Which statement concerning the hip joint is false?

a. The transverse acetabular ligament bridges the acetabular notch
b. The proximal attachment of the iliofemoral ligament is to the ASIS
c. The acetabulum is formed by the ilium, ischium, and pubis
d. The iliofemoral ligament prevents hyperextension of the hip joint
e. Fractures of the femoral neck, rather than the femoral shaft, usually sever arteries supplying the femoral head



The fibular collateral ligament is:

a. tested by the application of valgus stress, rather than varus stress, to the leg.
b. located superficial to the tendon of popliteus
c. attached to the lateral meniscus
d. located superficial to the biceps femoris tendon
e. located deep to the iliotibial tract



The _______ ligament of the knee joint attaches to the _______.

a. lateral collateral ____shaft of fibula, deep to pes anserinus
b. patellar_____anterior intercondylar area of the tibia
c. posterior cruciate______posterior surface of tibia, just above soleal line
d. tibial collateral_______periphery of medial meniscus
e. anterior cruciate______anterior intercondylar area, just anterior to the anterior horn of the medial meniscus



True statements concerning the anterior cruciate ligament include:

a. its attachment to the tibial plateau (top of tibia) is anterior to the attachment of the anterior horn of the medial meniscus
b. it prevents posterior displacement of the femur on the tibia
c. both
d. neither



Important stabilizing structures on the lateral side of the knee joint are:

a. tibial collateral ligament; biceps tendon; and iliotibial tract
b. fibular collateral ligament; biceps tendon;and iliotibial tract
c. fibular collateral ligament; cruciate ligament; and pes anserinus
d. tibial collateral ligament; popliteus tendon;and patellar ligament
e. fibular collateral ligament; coronary ligament;and transverse ligament