DPT 623: Physical Agents and Mechanical Modalities Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in DPT 623: Physical Agents and Mechanical Modalities Deck (15)
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1

Which of the following characteristics regarding A-delta fibers is (are) correct?

a. Small, fast
b. Myelinated
c. Sensations are dull, throbbing
d. Accompanied by nausea, sweating
e. A and B only
f. B and C only

E

2

Which of the following statements are true regrding acute pain?
a. Mediated through fast conducting pathways
b. Less than 6 months in duration
c. Response to reactions to noxious stimuli
d. Serves a protective function
e. All of the above

E

3

Red flags for referred pain include all of the following except…
a. Pain that does not fit an expected musculoskeletal pattern
b. Pain that increases at night
c. Pain that is not relieved by rest
d. Pain that is relieved by change in position

D

4

Which of the following statements regarding referred pain is inaccurate?

a. Internal organs refer pain to uncommon patterns
b. The kidneys can refer pain to the lumbar region
c. Can be felt from one joint to another
d. Can be felt from an internal organ to an area of musculoskeletal tissue
e. The liver can refer pain to the right shoulder

A

5

Which of the following is (are) a goal(s) of patient treatment with regard to pain?

a. Modify the patient’s perception of discomfort
b. Resolve the underlying pathology
c. Maximize function
d. All of the above

D

6

Which of the following is not a property of lasers?

a. Monochromaticity
b. Divergent
c. Collimation
d. Coherence

B

7

All of the following are contraindication for ultraviolet radiation EXCEPT:

a. Systematic Lupus Erythemalosus
b. Premature aging of the skin
c. Skin cancer
d. Cardiac disease

B

8

Research shows that the low intensity lasers and light have all of the following effects, EXCEPT:

a. Inhibits RNA production
b. Vasodilation
c. Biomodulation
d. Stimulates ATP production

A

9

Which of the following modalities is of a shorter wavelength (180-290nm) and is most commonly used for the treatment of chronic wounds?

a. LLLT
b. UVC
c. UVB
d. UVA

B

10

All of the following are indications for LLLT, EXCEPT:

a. Bone healing
b. Tendon/ligament injury
c. Coagulation
d. Arthritis

C

11

Spinal traction has effects on which of the following?

a. Articular facets
b. Nerve roots
c. Paraspinal musculature
d. `All of the above

D

12

Traction may help reduce disc herniation. If the occurs the ____________ protrudes.

a. Intradiscal ligament
b. Synovial fringe
c. Nucleus pulposus
d. Annulus fibrosis

C

13

Ligament and tendon deformation due to traction should occur during slow loading

a. True
b. False

True

14

Which of the following is not a contraindication to traction?

a. Uncontrolled HTN
b. Fractures
c. Vertebral joint hypermobility
d. Muscle strain

D

15

Which of the following is the appropriate range of force to be used on a patient while performing mechanical lumbar traction?

a. 0-50 lbs
b. Whatever the patient can tolerate
c. 65-200 pounds
d. 200-300 pounds

C