Flashcards in DPT 631: Clinical Management of the Musculoskeletal System I Deck (149)
Which of the following terms best describes “the degree in which a joint can be moved by a single muscle contraction?
b. passive ROM
Which of the following muscle lengthening techniques is considered most effective and functional?
d. proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF)
The muscle that is directly responsible for producing movement is called
b. prime agonist
A contraction that produces a shortening of the muscle is called:
a. isometric contraction
b. isokinetic contraction
c. eccentric contraction
d. concentric contraction
Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS) may appear in approximately how much time after an exercise bout?
a. 8-10 hours
b. 15-20 minutes
c. 24-56 hours
d. 10-15 hours
Which of the following is not an absolute contraindication to exercise?
a. uncontrolled dysrhythmias
b. uncontrolled hypertension
c. unstable angina
d. severe pain rating
Which of the following is considered a closed kinematic chain exercise?
a. mini squat on an AirEx mat
b. terminal knee extension (supine)
c. leg extension/long arc quad
d. standing hamstring curl
The most common cell within Connective Tissue is:
c. ground substance
Strength can be tested a number of ways. which of the following is not a way which strength can be tested?
a. manual muscle testing
b. edurance testing
c. isometric testing
The open packed position of the GH joint is best described as
a. 30°abduction, 55° horizontal abduction
b. 55° abduction, 30° horizontal adduction
c. 30° adduction, 55° horizontal abduction
d. 55° abduction, 55° horizontal adduction
The area of contact between a nerve and a muscle fiber is known as:
b. musculotendinous junction
c. motor end plate
Which of the following is not contained in the ECM?
D: Page 3 in musculo book! under Connective Tissue heading
Vascularity within tendons is relatively sparse
Functions of a ligament include all of the following except:
a. acting as a guide to direct movement
b. providing proprioceptive feedback
c. preventing excessive motion
d. storing elastic energy
Which of the following is included in the composition of Articular Cartilage?
The primary function of the osteoblast is to:
a. enhance leverage
b. break down spongy bone
c. provide support
d. form trabecular bone
The characteristics of skeletal muscle include all of the following except:
Characteristics of the open-packed position include all of the following except:
a. major ligaments of the joint are on slack
b. minimal surface congruity
c. minimal joint surface contact
d. maximal stability of the joint
Which of the following is considered the contractile machinery of the muscle?
a. muscle fiber
The situation where the agonistis incapable of shortening to the extent required to simultaneously produce full ROM at all of the joints it crosses is called:
a. passive insufficiency
b. force requirement
c. active insufficiency
d. angle of pennation
Your patient presents with sensory changes to the lateral side of the right forearm, muscle weakness of the biceps brachii and diminished biceps reflex. which of the following nerves is implicated?
a. median nerve
b. axillary nerve
c. radial nerve
d. musculocutaneous nerve
The amount of physiolofical joint motion is based on a number of factors, including:
a. integrity of the joint surfaces
b. pliability of the soft tissues
c. degree of the soft tissue approximation
d. all of the above
e. none of the above
The motions occurring at the joint surfaces are termed
d. moment arm
The closed-packed position of the GH joint is best described as:
a. flexion and internal rotation
b. abduction and external rotation
c. adduction and internal rotation
d. flexion and external rotation
Which of the following are the two major types of muscle fiber that have been recognized in skeletal muscle?
a. Type I (slow twitch) and Type II (fast-twitch)
b. Type I (fast twitch and Type II (slow-twitch)
c. Type III and Type C
d. none of the above
You need to test your patients spinal accessory nerve. which of the following tests would you utilize?
a. inspect the tongue and look for symmetry when the patient sticks it out to you
b. inspect the trapezius muscles looking for any asymmetry and test the strength bilaterally
c. inspect the patients hearing by circling your fingers by the patients ear
d. inspect the face at rest, during conversation and when the patient smiles, and look for any asymmetry
Which of the following best describes Ataxia?
a. velocity-dependent increase in tonic stretch reflexes
b. drunken-sailor gait pattern
c. loss of balance resulting in a fall without loss of consciousness
d. an undiagnosed change in articulation
Your patient presents for his first outpatient PT visit after TKR. which of the following automatic postural response/balance techniques would be most appropriate to implement?
a. the hip strategy
b. the stepping strategy
c. weight-shift strategy
d. the suspension strategy
Which of the following sequences should a clinician use to progress balance training?
a. automatic postural reaction, dynamic balance, then static balance
b. static balance, dynamic balance, then automatic postural reaction
c. static balance, automatic postural reaction, then dynamic balance
d. automatic postural reaction, static balance, then dynamic balance