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Flashcards in Drug Vocab Deck (60):
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Analgesics

Relieve pain

1

Anesthetics

Produce a loss of sensation

2

Immunizations

Provide artificially acquired active immunity

3

Immune globulins

Provide artificially acquired passive immunity

4

Immunosuppressants

Reduce the body's immune system to its own tissues

5

Anti-venoms

Counteract toxins

6

Antidotes

Neutralize toxins and poisons

7

Antivirals

Inhibit virus growth

8

Antibiotics

Destroy or inhibit the growth of microorganisms

9

Antifungals

Inhibit or kill fungi

10

Antipyretics

Reduce fever

11

Anti-metabolites

Treat carcinoma and sarcomas

12

Electrolytes

Chemicals with electrical charges potassium, chlorides, sodium, etc.

13

Hypoglycemics

Reduce blood sugar

14

Hyperglycemics

Elevate blood sugar

15

Supplements

Replace vitamins and minerals

16

Corticosteroids

Control and regulate immune responses

17

Mydeiatics

Dilate the pupil of the eye

18

Miotics

Constrict the pupil of the eye

19

Cerumenolytics

Soften earwax

20

Antipruitis

Relieves itching

21

Antineoplastics

Chemotherapy used to inhibit the growth of malignancies

22

Antiseptics

Retards bacterial growth

23

Disinfectants

Kills bacterial growth, usually on inanimate objects

24

Antidiarrheals

Stops diarrhea

25

Emollient

Soothes irritated tissues

26

Demulcent

Protects tissues

27

Keratolytics

Control skin scaling or peeling of skin

28

Emetics

Cause vomiting

29

Anti-emetics

Prevent and control vomiting

30

Cathartics

Induce defecation

31

Digestants

Replace pancreatic enzymes

32

Antispasmotics

Relieves smooth muscle spasms in intestinal tract

33

Antiflatulants

Relieve gastric bloating and intestinal gas

34

Antacids

Neutralize stomach acids

35

Mucolytics

Liquefy respiratory secretions

36

Antihistamines

Relieve allergy symptoms

37

Antitussives

Suppress coughs

38

Decongestants

Shrink nasal membranes

39

Expectorants

Increase respiratory secretions and reduce viscosity to allow for expulsion of sputum

40

Antianginals

Dilate coronary arteries

41

Antiarrhythmics

Suppress cardiac arrhythmias

42

Antihyperlipidemics

Lower blood cholesterol

43

Hemostatics

Promote coagulation

44

Thrombolytics

Dissolve blood clots

45

Cardiotonics

Strengthen heartbeats

46

Vasodilators

Dilate blood vessels

47

Vasoconstrictors

Constrict blood vessels

48

Antihypertensives

Decrease elevated blood pressure

49

Bronchodilators

Dilate bronchial tree

50

Diuretics

Remove edema

51

Enuretics

Prevent night time bed wetting

52

Contraceptives

Prevent pregnancy

53

Androgens

Stimulate development of male characteristics

54

Estrogens / progestins

Stimulate development of female characteristics

55

Stimulants

Increase the activity of brain and spinal cord

56

Hypnotic / sedatives

Produce sleep or seduction

57

Adrenergic

Mimics the sympathetic nervous system

58

Cholinergic

Mimics parasympathetic nervous system

59

Anticholinergic

Blocks parasympathetic nervous system