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Flashcards in Skin Conditions Deck (90):
0

Bactericidal agent

Kills bacteria

1

Disinfectant

Decreases the # of microorganisms on inanimate objects

2

Bacteriostatic agent

Agent that inhibits or retards the growth of bacteria

3

Keratolytic agent

Causes or promotes shedding of the skin

4

Antiseptic

Reduces, prevents or inhibits the growth of microorganisms

5

Vehicle

Inactive agent that carries medicinal ingredients

6

Bath

Method of cleansing or treating the body therapeuticly

7

Emollient

Softens and smooths the surface to which it is applied, usually the skin

8

Skin cleansers

Agent used to remove debris, bacteria, and waste products from the skin

9

Proteolytic enzyme

Enzyme that helps brake down proteins into useable peptides

10

List the common symptoms of skin disorders

Inflammation, dermatolic lesions, eruptions dehydration, erythema & edema

11

Common side effects of meds for skin disorders

Thinning of skin, dryness, burning, pruritis, rash & irritation

12

Factors that affect the rate of medication absorption through the skin

Form of drug, size of molecules, base of medication

13

What is the function on baths

Cleanse skin, lower body temp & administer meds

14

Which type of skin should bathe more often

Oily

15

Persons with dry skin should use what types of lotion to hydrate the skin

Oil based

16

What type of lotions should people with dry skin avoid

Alcohol based

17

Soaps need to be rinsed off due to what effect

Drying effect on skin

18

Why is friction important to proper hand washing

Removes dead skin and bacteria

19

What are emollients

Fatty or oily substances used on irritated skin

20

What are emollients commonly made from

Lanolin, protrolum jelly, vitamin A, D, E

21

What are emollients used for

Soothing effects

22

Can skin preparations be used on a daily basis

Yes

23

What are lotions / what are they used for

Liquids that have an insoluble powder or suspension

24

What are lotions used for

Dressings, contact dermatitis, insect bites & prickly heat

25

What are rubs and liniments used for

Relief of pain on intact skin

26

When using rubs and liniments does skin need to be intact

Yes

27

Should you apply heat after application of a rub or liniment

No

28

What are topical corticosteroids used for

Relieve inflammation, pruritis, contact dermatitis, insect bites, minor burns, psoriasis & eczema

29

Are corticosteroids OTC prescription

Both

30

How should corticosteroids be applied

Topically - very thin film rubbed into the skin

31

Do corticosteroids have systemic effects

Yes

32

Are corticosteroids safe for long term use with diaper rash

No - ( because toxic systemic absorption )

33

What do you need to teach patients regarding corticosteroid use

Care should be taken so they don't come into contact with eyes, don't use on weeping or denuded areas, avoid prolonged sunlight, should only be used for short periods of time

34

Topical corticosteroids come in what forms

Lotions, ointments, creams, gels & aerosol sprays

35

List the common areas where we apply topical fungal preparations

Feet, where its dark and moist - also on hair skin and nails

36

What are topical fungal preparations used to treat

Candida & tinea infections

37

Do we use occlusive dressings with antifungal treatments

No

38

Are they available OTC, prescription or both

Both

39

What do you need to teach patients regarding fungal preparations

They should use completely even if symptoms improve

40

What is acne vulgaris

Increase sebum production & increase formation of keratin

41

What is involved in the treatment of acne vulgaris

Sebum and bacteria

42

What two forms of antibiotics can we use to treat acne

Topical & systemic

43

What are common side effects of acne meds

Dryness, scaling, peeling, burning, itching, stinging, tenderness, & erythema

44

Can acne meds aggravate the condition before becoming effective

Yes - all of them

45

Are acne meds available OTC, prescription or both

Both

46

Patients with acne should wear which type of cosmetics

None or waterbased

47

What vitamin should pregnant women avoid in treatment of acne

A

48

What are keratolytics used to treat

Dandruff, seborehic dermatitis, acne & warts

49

What do keratolytics promote

Shedding of horny layer of the skin

50

What are the side effects both locally and systemically of keratolytics

Local side effects include burning and irritation
Systemic side effects include tinnitus, dizziness, headaches & ototoxicity

51

What is seborrhic dermititis

Inflammation and scaling of face

52

Where does seborrhic dermatitis start

On face

53

Where is seborrhic dermatitis usually found

Underarms, chest, anogenital areas

54

Can you use antifungals in treatment of seborrhic dermatitis

Yes

55

What is the most common seborrhic dermatitis medicatin form for application

Shampoo

56

Are seborrhic dermatitis meds OTC, prescription or both

Both

57

What are seborrhic dermatitis med side effects

Skin irritation is most common side effect

58

What are most common ingredients in seborrhic dermititis meds

Selenium & zinc

59

Do seborrhic dermititis meds commonly contain antibiotics

No

60

Topical anethetics are commonly used for what conditions

Itching of skin or mucous membrane

61

Topical anesthetics are used in what application forms

Lotions, creams, ointment, gels, aerosol sprays, solutions, otic and ophthalmic preparations

62

What is the most common medication used for second and third degree burns

Silver sulfandiazine

63

What form(s) of sulfonamides are used with burns

Cream

64

When do we apply sulfonamides to burns - before or after debridement

After

65

What are proteolytic enzymes used to treat

Used to debride tissue of debris & exudates with burns

66

Scabicides & pediculacides are used for treatment of what conditions

Kills scabies and lice

67

Scabicides and pediculacides are applied in what forms? For how long

Shampoo 4 mins
Cream 12 hrs

68

Can you treat with Scabicides and pediculacides as often as desired? Why/why not

No. They can cause central nervous system damage

69

Scabicides and pediculacides: who needs to be treated and why

All household & any sexual partners all at the same time

70

What are some common meds that increase photosensitivity

Tetracyclined & solfonimites

71

What prophylactic measures should be takin when exposed to UVR

Sunscreen, protective clothing, hats

72

How is SPF arrived at
What is formula

Ration between exposure of UVR waves and time required to cause erythema with or without sunscreen

73

How does SPF number relate to a tan and length of time safely spent in the sun

The higher the SPF the longer it takes to develop a tan

74

Why do we recommend sunscreen

Any exposure causes premature aging and cancer

75

What is minoxidil used for and how often is it applied

Baldness. Twice a day, at least daily

76

What is fluorouracil used to treat

Actinic keratosis and superficial Basel cell carcinoma

77

How does fluorouracil work

Irritates skin causing tissue disintegration - causes necrosis and ulceration then it heals

78

Is it good to use an oral antihistamine along with a topical that contains the same drug

No

79

What is the med of choice for chickenpox pruritis

Calamine lotion

80

What is phenol used to treat

Itching

81

When you see -caine ending a drug name you can usually classify the drug to what type of agent

Numbing or anathetic agent

82

Topical anti-viral medication should be applied at what frequency per day

Up to seven times a day ( every day )

83

Should you wear gloves for administration of topical anti-viral meds

Yes

84

Is it important to apply topical meds to clean/cleansed skin

Yes

85

Water based meds are better absorbed when patient is well hydrated

Yes

86

In respect to fat soluble and water soluble drugs which is more readily absorbed as excreted through skin

Water soluble

87

Do skin cleansers contain soap

No

88

Do we use topical anti-infective meds on deep penetrating wounds

No

89

Does the thickness of skin have anything to do with the speed of med absorption

Yes